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Überwachung und Umerziehung in Xinjiang
Aug 2nd, 2018 by Gao

James A. Millward: What It’s Like to Live in a Surveillance State (New York Times)

Imagine that this is your daily life: While on your way to work or on an errand, every 100 meters you pass a police blockhouse. Video cameras on street corners and lamp posts recognize your face and track your movements. At multiple checkpoints, police officers scan your ID card, your irises and the contents of your phone. At the supermarket or the bank, you are scanned again, your bags are X-rayed and an officer runs a wand over your body — at least if you are from the wrong ethnic group. Members of the main group are usually waved through.
You have had to complete a survey about your ethnicity, your religious practices and your “cultural level”; about whether you have a passport, relatives or acquaintances abroad, and whether you know anyone who has ever been arrested or is a member of what the state calls a “special population.”
This personal information, along with your biometric data, resides in a database tied to your ID number. The system crunches all of this into a composite score that ranks you as “safe,” “normal” or “unsafe.”Based on those categories, you may or may not be allowed to visit a museum, pass through certain neighborhoods, go to the mall, check into a hotel, rent an apartment, apply for a job or buy a train ticket. Or you may be detained to undergo re-education, like many thousands of other people.
A science-fiction dystopia? No. This is life in northwestern China today if you are Uighur.

Adrian Zenz: New Evidence for China’s Political Re-Education Campaign in Xinjiang (China Brief / Jamestown Foundation)

Since summer of 2017, troubling reports in Western media outlets about large-scale detentions of ethnic Muslim minorities (…) in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) have multiplied …
This article demonstrates that there is, in fact, a substantial body of PRC governmental sources that prove the existence of the camps. Furthermore, the PRC government’s own sources broadly corroborate some estimates by rights groups of number of individuals interred in the camps…
The article also examines the evolution of re-education in Xinjiang, empirically charting the unprecedented re-education drive initiated by the region’s Party secretary, Chen Quanguo. Information from 73 government procurement and construction bids valued at around RMB 680 million (approximately USD 108 million) along with public recruitment notices and other documents provide unprecedented insights into the evolution and extent of the region’s re-education campaign.

Ilⱨam Tohti
Jan 20th, 2014 by Gao

外媒:中央民族大学教师伊力哈木被逮捕(网易)
Leave no chance for malicious preaching (Global Times)

Ilham Tohti, a teacher of economics at the Minzu University of China, was reportedly arrested by police on Wednesday. …
Tohti was arrested several times for instigation and „spreading rumors,“ according to reports. And he was frequently quoted by foreign media during incidents involving the Uyghur ethnic minority in recent years.
Being a Uyghur has made Tohti special, and he and the West seem to be taking advantage of this. But in front of the law, he is no different to anyone else. Tohti is first of all a Chinese citizen and if he has committed a crime he will be held responsible.
Tohti’s case is still under investigation, and official information is scarce.

Tania Branigan: Chinese police detain leading Uighur academic Ilham Tohti (Guardian)
China police detain Uighur scholar Ilham Tohti (BBC)
立行、董樂:被拘維族學者妻子相信丈夫無罪(BBC)
مۇخبىرىمىز ئۈمىدۋار خىتاينىڭ ئىچى-سىرتىدىكى زىيالىيلار بىرلەشمە بايانات ئارقىلىق ئىلھام توختىنى قويۇپ بېرىشنى تەلەپ قىلدى (RFA)

15-يانۋار كۈنى بېيجىڭ مەركىزىي مىللەتلەر ئۇنىۋېرسىتېتىنىڭ دوتسېنتى، تونۇلغان ئۇيغۇر زىيالىيسى ئىلھام توختى بېيجىڭ ساقچى دائىرىلىرى تەرىپىدىن ئېلىپ كېتىلگەندىن كېيىن، خەلقئارا جەمئىيەتنىڭ ئىنكاسىنى قوزغىدى.
ئىلگىرى-كېيىن ئامېرىكا دۆلەت ئىشلىرى مىنىستىرلىقى ۋە ياۋروپا بىرلىكىنىڭ جۇڭگودىكى ئەلچىلىكى ئىلھام توختىنىڭ مەسىلىسىگە يېقىندىن كۆڭۈل بۆلۈۋاتقانلىقىنى بىلدۈرگەن ئىدى.

Minnie Chan: Arrest of academic Uygur Ilham Tohtishows gloves are off when it comes to dissent (South China Morning Post)

The detention of outspoken Uygur scholar Ilham Tohti shows Beijing has moved from a carrot and stick approach in the restive region to a crackdown on any dissent, analysts say.
Xinjiang party boss Zhang Chunxian was known for his populist image and media savvy when he took over from hardliner Wang Lequan in 2010 following a massive riot.
His priorities have included accelerating economic development and increasing trade with Central Asian countries.
But analysts say that since the third party plenum in October, Zhang has been adopting a hardline approach, exemplified by Tohti’s arrest.

Yang Jingjie: Xinjiang to see ‘major strategy shift’ (Global Times)

Northwest China’s Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region will refocus its priority on maintaining social stability after a turbulent year riven by multiple terrorist attacks, a major altering of the region’s strategy since 2010.
On Tuesday and Wednesday, local media published a series of reports about President Xi Jinping’s landmark speech guiding the region’s work given at a meeting of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee on December 19, 2013.

Über den Pazifik kam eine schnelle Reaktion:
Jen Psaki: Disappearance of Ilham Tohti (US Department of State)

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