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Jiashi / Jasic
Aug 28th, 2018 by Gao

Shenzhen worker activists determined to unionise despite dismissal (China Labour Bulletin)

A small group of factory workers staged a protest outside the gates of Jasic Technology in Shenzhen early this morning, 24 July, demanding reinstatement after being dismissed and beaten by thugs for trying to set up a union.
“We want to be reinstated! We want to unionise!” the workers chanted as factory security guards prevented them from entering the plant.
This morning’s protest was the latest action in the workers’ campaign for unionisation which began in May after working conditions at the factory in Shenzhen’s Pingshan district had reportedly deteriorated to the point where workers were forced to act just to ensure a living wage.

Mimi Lau: Chinese Maoists join students in fight for workers’ rights at Jasic Technology (Sputh China Morning Post)

Leftists show support for employees of stock market-listed company, who are campaigning for the right to form a trade union

Police raid student group as support for Shenzhen Jasic workers grows (China Labour Bulletin)

A group of more than 50 student activists, who are supporting workers dismissed for trying to set up a trade union at Jasic Technology in Shenzhen, have been detained in an early morning police raid on their rented accommodation in the city.
Sources familiar with the incident which occurred at 5.00.am today, said those detained included Lan Zhiwei, Yu Kailong, and Yu Weiye, three workers who had been released on bail from an earlier mass arrest, as well as student activists Yue Xin, Zhan Zhenzhen, and Feng Ge from Beijing University, and several other students from Renmin University and Nanjing University.

Detained Activist Yue Xin on the Jasic Workers (China Digital Times)

About 50 student activists and workers advocating in Shenzhen for the establishment of an independent trade union have been detained in an early morning raid. Most of those detained are college students from Peking University, Nanjing University, Renmin University, and other schools who have formed an informal coalition with workers at a Jasic Technology factory to support their protests throughout the spring and summer.

Sue-Lin Wong, Christian Shepherd: Student activists disappear in southern China after police raid (Reuters)

Police in riot gear stormed an apartment in southern China on Friday where about 40 student activists and others supporting factory workers seeking to form a labour union were staying, according to activists who said they received a video of the raid as it was taking place.

深圳佳士公司工人“维权”事件的背后(新华)

“组建工会”“改善福利”“支持复工”……7月20日上午,数名原深圳佳士科技公司工人高喊着“维权”口号,冲击佳士公司厂区大门。
  随后的7月24日、7月26日、7月27日,佳士公司发生多次拉标语、喊口号的工人“维权”事件。几名工人一度闯进厂区逼停生产经营,甚至占领派出所值班室扰乱正常办公。
  近期,这起普通的工人“维权”事件,通过互联网特别是境外网站持续发酵,不少工人、学生、网民被裹挟其中,舆情迅速升温。记者采访发现,随着公安机关侦查的深入,潜伏在工人们争取利益诉求背后的真相慢慢浮出水面。

Statement (Worker Empowerment)

WE has never been involved in organizing or financially supporting workers or their supporters. Having been following the rapid developments in the recent JASIC incident, our organization hopes that the rights and safety of all participants are legally and reasonably taken care of as soon as possible.

就《深圳佳士公司工人”维权”事件的背后》一文三问新华社(时代先锋)

8月24日晚11点半左右,新华社就佳士工人维权事件发表评论文,文中写到,”一起普通企业员工维权事件之所以愈演愈烈,是因为有境外势力想利用此次维权事件挑起事端。”文中还提到,维权行为应合法合规。
  然而,此文却经不起丝毫的推敲,陈词滥调早让人生厌,混账逻辑更令人愤慨。
  一问新华社,境外势力利用维权工人有何证据?

China: Release all arrested Jasic Technology workers and solidarity group activists! Drop all charges! (中国劳工论坛)
Brian Hioe: Dozens Arrested After Worker Protests in Shenzhen (New Bloom)
Shannon Tiezzi: Communist China’s Crackdown on Labor Protesters (The Diplomat)

China’s rhetorical embrace of Marx hasn’t prevented th e arrests of activists supporting an independent trade union.

Wolfgang Pomrehn: China: Harsches Vorgehen gegen Arbeiterproteste in Shenzhen (Telepolis)
Peter Nowak: Verbrechen: Gewerkschaftsgründung (Neues Deutschland)
Maoist Labor Campaigner ‚Kidnapped,‘ Believed Detained, in China’s Guangdong (Radio Free Asia)

A Maoist activist who supported a campaign to set up an independent workers‘ union in the southern Chinese province of Guangdong has been „kidnapped“ and is being detained in an unknown location, prompting further protests by labor activists, RFA has learned.
Shen Mengyu, a former employee of the Jasic Technology factory in Guangdong’s Shenzhen city, was taken away by the authorities after she led a campaign for a union to negotiate collectively on behalf of some 1,000 Jasic workers.
Shen was grabbed and forcibly restrained by three unidentified individuals as she ate dinner with her father on Aug. 11, before being bundled into an unmarked vehicle, sources close to the campaign told RFA.

Protest vor der chinesischen Botschaft in Berlin (Labournet)

Streik | Atomkraft | Monsanto | 1989
Mai 30th, 2015 by Gao

Elaine Hui: Chinese Bike Light Strikers Occupy Factory, Face Firings and Arrests (Labor Notes)

Workers who make bike lights at a factory in Shenzhen, China, have been on strike since April 30, demanding that the company pay up what it legally owes them.
The strikers stayed overnight in the factory, stopping production and delivery for two weeks, until police came to evict them and arrest worker leaders on May 13.
New An Lun Lamp, a Taiwanese-owned factory, produces bicycle lights for brands including the German Messingschlager and Buchel and the Dutch AXA.
There are about 100 workers in the factory, mostly middle-aged women, with some nearing retirement.
Though their actions have been peaceful, thus far 13 workers have been fired and nine arrested by police for “disrupting public order.”
Seven out of the nine detained workers were released within 24 hours. The other two—including one of the workers’ elected representatives—were held by police for seven days. During the police raid on May 13 these two clutched the legs of the general manager and his son, crying and begging them not to remove the finish goods.

Migrant worker in Nanjing cheated out of compensation and left to die (China Labour Bulletin)

Listed in Shanghai, Hong Kong, London and New York, China Petroleum and Chemical Corp (Sinopec) is one of China’s largest and best-known companies. It has a vast network of subsidiaries including Yangzi Petrochemical based in Nanjing. This company reportedly owns or has an interest in Nanjing Yangzi Maintenance and Installation (南京扬子检修安装), which employed Chen Dejun, a young migrant worker from the neighbouring province of Anhui.
Chen started work at Yangzi Maintenance and Installation in July 2010. Within 18 months, he started to experience dizziness, irregular heartbeat, headaches and tremors – all the symptoms of benzene poisoning, and almost certainly the result of his work doing spray-painting, acid washing, chemical cleaning and toxic waste disposal at the plant.
Today, Chen is seriously ill and bedridden but he has still not received any compensation because his employer did everything it could to prevent his illness from being classified by the authorities as an occupational disease.

Robert Foyle Hunwick: Desperate Chinese are turning to mass suicide to get their government’s attention (Global Post)

The location was chosen for maximum impact: a downtown boulevard, famous for Beijing’s swankiest shops and its plushest hotels. Studded with these symbols of Western capitalist chic, Wangfujing Shopping Street could hardly be further from the more desperate concerns of rural China.
It was here that a group of about 30 men gathered on a warm spring morning and, in front of hundreds of shoppers, swallowed a quantity of pesticide. They fell to the ground en masse and, according to several eyewitnesses, foamed at the mouth.
As the men were rushed to hospital, startled crowds spread the news on social media, while the scene quickly returned to normal. Police issued a statement later that day that none had died; local reports explained they were taxi drivers from the northeast, who’d traveled to the capital to stage the protest…
In August 2013, a group of 21, also from Heilongjiang, attempted mass suicide near the Beijing West rail station, after a railway company failed to provide their children with the public-service jobs they were promised. Four months later, 13 homeowners attempted the same over a failure to be compensated for demolitions. In two incidents in July last year, five petitioners drank poison in a police station, and five men and two women from Jiangsu, did the same outside the offices of the China Youth Daily newspaper. They were dissatisfied with the terms of their eviction.

孟山都滚出中国! (monsanto-out-of-china.org)

Emma Graham-Harrison: China warned over ‚insane‘ plans for new nuclear power plants (Guardian)

China’s plans for a rapid expansion of nuclear power plants are “insane” because the country is not investing enough in safety controls, a leading Chinese scientist has warned.
Proposals to build plants inland, as China ends a moratorium on new generators imposed after the Fukushima disaster in March 2011, are particularly risky, the physicist He Zuoxiu said, because if there was an accident it could contaminate rivers that hundreds of millions of people rely on for water and taint groundwater supplies to vast swathes of important farmlands.
China halted the approval of new reactors in 2011 in order to review its safety standards, but gave the go-ahead in March for two units, part of an attempt to surpass Japan’s nuclear-generating capacity by 2020 and become the world’s biggest user of nuclear power a decade later.
Barack Obama recently announced plans to renew a nuclear cooperation deal with Beijing that would allow it to buy more US-designed reactors, and potentially pursue the technology to reprocess plutonium from spent fuel…
He, who worked on China’s nuclear weapons programme, said the planned rollout was going too fast to ensure it had the safety and monitoring expertise needed to avert an accident.
“There are currently two voices on nuclear energy in China. One prioritises safety while the other prioritises development,” He told the Guardian in an interview at the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
He spoke of risks including “corruption, poor management abilities and decision-making capabilities”. He said: “They want to build 58 (gigawatts of nuclear generating capacity) by 2020 and eventually 120 to 200. This is insane.”

Bethany Allen-Ebrahimian: These Chinese People Want High-Speed Rail So Badly They Are Fighting Police to Get It (Foreign Policy)

On May 16, thousands of people carrying banners marched through the streets of Linshui, a county in the southwest Chinese province of Sichuan. Some shouted slogans while others hurled rocks at lines of police in riot gear, who pushed back against the crowds and beat some with batons. Photographs show several people with bloody head injuries being cared for by paramedics and onlookers. Linshui residents turned out in droves, burned vehicles, and braved riot police for more than eight hours — not to protest inequality, corruption, or environmental degradation, but to demand that a high-speed rail line be built through their county.

Wolfgang Pomrehn: Chinas Investitions-Offensive (Telepolis)

Die Volksrepublik verstärkt ihren Kapitalexport und steckt viel Geld in den Aufbau von Eisenbahnen und anderer Infrastruktur in befreundeten Ländern.

Gu Yi etc.: On the 26th Anniversary of Tian’anmen Massacre (Sri Lanka Guardian)

We are a group of Chinese students born in the 1980s and 1990s and now studying abroad. Twenty-six years ago on June 4th, young students, in life’s prime with innocent love for their country just as we are today, died under the gun of the People’s Liberation Army in Beijing’s streets.

境外势力试图煽动八零后九零后(《环球时报》 im Google-Speicher. Das Original wurde mittlerweile gelöscht.)

十几名自称是“八零后和九零后”的在美“中国留学生”日前联署了一封致国内青年学生的公开信,就八九政治风波发表充满“民运味”、像是被手把手教着写出来的极端观点。它以十分凶悍的语言攻击中国现政权,照抄海外一些势力的话语歪曲讲述26年前发生的事情。通常来说,中国大陆赴美留学生即使思想发生一些变化,也写不出如此赤裸裸攻击祖国的文稿。

Hostile forces target younger generation (Global Times)

Eleven Chinese students born in the 1980s or 1990s and studying in the US recently signed an open letter to their counterparts in the mainland. The letter carries their extreme views on the 1989 Tiananmen incident in the tone that used to be adopted by much older pro-democracy activists. It harshly attacked the current Chinese regime, twisting the facts of 26 years ago with narratives of some overseas hostile forces. Generally, even if changes in thought do take place, it’s unlikely for mainland students who study in the US to lash out at their homeland in such an insulting way.

Emma Graham-Harrison: Chinese students in the west call for transparency over Tiananmen Square (Guardian)
范凌志:香港左翼爱国团体立场坚定反对泛民(《环球时报》)

Writing China: Rian Thum, ‘The Sacred Routes of Uyghur History’ (Wall Street Journal)

Julian Ryall: China plans for North Korean regime collapse leaked (Washington Post)

China has drawn up detailed contingency plans for the collapse of the North Korean government, suggesting that Beijing has little faith in the longevity of Kim Jong-un’s regime.
Documents drawn up by planners from China’s People’s Liberation Army that were leaked to Japanese media include proposals for detaining key North Korean leaders and the creation of refugee camps on the Chinese side of the frontier in the event of an outbreak of civil unrest in the secretive state.

Paul Mason: How to turn a liberal hipster into a capitalist tyrant in one evening (Guardian)

A new play, World Factory, asks the audience to run a clothing factory in China – and even the creators have been surprised at how people have behaved.

Frank Langfitt: How China’s Censors Influence Hollywood (NPR)

Nationaler Volkskongress
Mrz 10th, 2015 by Gao

Wolfgang Pomrehn: China: Parlament der Reichen (Telepolis)

Die Anfang des Jahrtausends vom seinerzeitigen chinesischen Präsidenten Jiang Zemin ausgegebene Direktive, die Kommunistische Partei für die neuen Kapitalisten zu öffnen, scheint Früchte zu tragen. China Economic Review berichtet, dass von den 1.271 reichsten Chinesen 203 entweder Delegierte des Nationalen Volkskongresses oder der Beratenden Versammlung des Chinesischen Volkes sind. …
Die erwähnten 203 Delegierten vereinigen auf sich ein Vermögen von rund 419 Milliarden Euro nach aktuellem Kurs. Nach einem Bericht der britischen Zeitung Guardian befindet sich inzwischen ein Drittel des chinesischen Reichtums in der Hand von einem Prozent der Bevölkerung. Das untere Drittel der Chinesen besitze dagegen weniger als ein Prozent des Gesamtvermögens. Die Zeitung beruft sich auf eine Studie der Universität von Peking.

Michael Forsythe: Billionaire Lawmakers Ensure the Rich Are Represented in China’s Legislature (New York Times)

Among the 1,271 richest Chinese people tracked by the Shanghai-based Hurun Report, a record 203, or more than one in seven, are delegates to the nation’s Parliament or its advisory body, which will convene for their yearly joint session this week in Beijing. According to figures released by the Hurun Report on Monday, the delegates’ combined net worth is $463.8 billion, more than the annual economic output of Austria.
American lawmakers are poor by comparison. According to figures provided by the Center for Responsive Politics, a Washington-based group that tracks money in American politics, the richest person in any of the United States government’s three branches, Representative Darrell Issa, a California Republican, would rank as only the 166th richest member at the meeting of China’s National People’s Congress and the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Congress which opens on Wednesday…
In percentage terms, the contrast with the United States is also stark. The 203 Chinese billionaires make up 4 percent of the more than 5,200 delegates to the meeting, with an average net worth of $2.3 billion. The richest 4 percent of the United States Congress, 22 people, have an average net worth of $124 million.

Wolfgang Pomrehn: China: Von Konjunkturschwäche keine Spur (Telepolis)

Prozentual gesehen wächst die Wirtschaft inzwischen etwas langsamer (aber immer noch ziemlich schnell), in absoluten Zahlen sind die Zuwächse inzwischen jedoch gigantisch.

Klimawandel | Hongkong | Erdgas-Abkommen
Nov 15th, 2014 by Gao

Markus hat diese Artikel geschickt:
Markus Ackeret: Gemeinsam gegen den Klimawandel (Neue Zürcher Zeitung)

China und die USA haben sich beim Klimawandel auf ein gemeinsames Vorgehen geeinigt und neue Emissionsziele angekündigt. Das Treffen der Präsidenten Xi und Obama in Peking scheint auch sonst produktiv gewesen zu sein.

Andreas Rüesch: Überfälliger Schulterschluss in der Klimapolitik (Neue Zürcher Zeitung)

Erstmals haben sich die USA und die China gemeinsam auf Ziele beim Klimaschutz verständigt. Das ist ein überfälliger Schritt, aber er wird nicht ausreichen, um die Gefahren des Klimawandels zu bannen.

Lam Chi Leung: We’ve already won results (Socialist Review)

Today (28 October) marks exactly one month since the Umbrella movement broke out. The occupation of the streets continues, but the number of demonstrators has started to decrease from its peak of 200,000…
The masses, with courage and reason, insist upon occupation. But people know it will not be easy to obtain concessions from the authorities — or a real promise of universal suffrage.

Au Loong Yu: 雨傘運動的自發性和自覺性(獨立媒體) / Hong Kong: Spontaneity and the mass movement (Socialist Review)

The retaking of the Mong Kok district of Hong Kong by occupiers on 18 October relied on the courage of protesters, most of whom have never been a member of a political party. These new participants in the movement faced up to police violence with huge determination.
Both workers and students from middle and lower class backgrounds have long been dissatisfied with Hong Kong’s extreme economic inequality. Society here has always been divided between the 1 percent of the super-rich and the 99 percent of the middle and lower classes. Moreover, the tiny group of tycoons has in recent years launched a number of offensives: privatisation, deregulation and the shifting of wealth to the rich through white elephant projects.

Wolfgang Pomrehn: China kann sein Glück kaum fassen (Telepolis)

In Chinas Hauptstadt Beijing (Peking) ist am heutigen Dienstag die 21 Mitglieder starke Konferenz für Asiatisch-Pazifische Zusammenarbeit APEC zusammengetreten. Ihr gehören unter anderem auch Japan, Russland und die USA an. Gekommen sind zu dem Treffen meist die jeweiligen Staats- und Regierungschefs, unter anderem also auch US-Präsident Barack Obama, Australiens Premier Tony Abbott, Chiles Präsidentin Michelle Bachelet und Japans Premier Shinzo Abe. Als eines der ersten Ergebnisse wurde bereits am Dienstag der Startschuss für Verhandlungen über eine pazifische Freihandelszone gegeben.

Erdgasvertrag | Inselstreit | Kenpeitai-Dokumente
Jun 15th, 2014 by Gao

Wolfgang Pomrehn: Russland: Gas für China (Telepolis)

Nun ist der Gas-Deal zwischen Russland und China also unterschrieben. Wie erwartet sollen ab 2018 jährlich 38 Milliarden Kubikmeter Gas geliefert werden, berichtet der britische Sender BBC. Über den Preis des Pakets schwieg man sich aus, aber er wird wohl bei insgesamt etwa 400 Milliarden US-Dollar oder knapp 300 Milliarden Euro liegen. Teil des Deals ist offenbar, dass die chinesische Seite in Vorleistung geht.

Gerald Hosp: Der Preis der Symbolik (Neue Zürcher Zeitung)

Die russisch-chinesischen Verhandlungen über Erdgaslieferungen waren lange Zeit zu einem «running gag» verkommen. Jahr für Jahr hiess es, dass der Durchbruch geschafft sei, nur – leider – habe man sich noch nicht auf den Preis einigen können. Während des zweitägigen Besuchs des russischen Präsidenten Wladimir Putin in Schanghai kam nun aber offenbar zwischen dem staatlich kontrollierten russischen Erdgaskonzern Gazprom und dem chinesischen Staatsunternehmen China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) eine Einigung zustande …
Dabei überwiegt noch die Symbolkraft. Erstens sollen die Erdgaslieferungen erst ab dem Jahr 2018 beginnen, ab 2024 wird dann die volle Kapazität von 38 Milliarden Kubikmetern pro Jahr zur Verfügung stehen. Die Erdgasfelder in Russland müssen noch erschlossen, die Pipelines noch gebaut werden.

Jean-Marc F. Blanchard, Maya Horin: Myths breed around China’s energy quest (Asia Times)

Those directing our gaze to China’s quest for energy security frequently are critical and, more importantly, often make unwarranted charges about the lengths to which China has been going to realize its energy requirements.
First, it is hinted that China has used military force to satiate its energy hunger. Second, it is suggested that China has made extreme diplomatic concessions to build or sustain partnerships with energy rich countries. Third, it is implied that China’s energy extremism has driven it to build new energy relationships with a slew of countries. Fourth, it is claimed that China’s energy dealings are largely with countries like Ecuador and Venezuela that embrace socialism and are distant from Washington. Fifth, it is asserted that Chinese energy FDI in Africa is encountering a lot of problems, putatively as a result of Chinese shortcomings.

Gerhard Feldbauer: Reaktion auf Ukraine-Krise (junge Welt)

Deutsche Außen- und Militärexperten reagieren beunruhigt auf jüngste eskalierende Spannungen im Ostchinesischem Meer, berichtete das Onlineportal German Foreign Policy (GFP) am Dienstag. Hintergrund ist ein vom 20. bis 26. Mai dort durchgeführtes gemeinsames Flottenmanöver Rußlands und Chinas. Wie RIA Nowosti und Xinhua groß aufgemacht berichteten, übten zwölf Kriegsschiffe, darunter der schwere russische kernkraftgetriebene Raketenkreuzer »Pjotr Weliki«, in gemeinsamen Kampfverbänden auf hoher See zusammen mit Fliegerkräften beider Seiten Rettungsaktionen für entführte Schiffe, U-Boot-Abwehr sowie Luft-Wasser-Angriffe.

Gerhard Feldbauer: Washington spielt Schutzmacht (junge Welt)

Im Konflikt zwischen Vietnam und China um die Xisha- und Spratly-Inseln im südchinesischen Meer bezieht Washington offen Partei gegen Peking und maßt sich eine Schutzmachtrolle für die Anrainer an.

Reuters: Japan and China trade insults over latest East China Sea encounter (Guardian)

Japan has denied Beijing’s claims that its planes came „dangerously close“ to Chinese aircraft in an incident over the East China Sea this week, demanding China takes down the footage allegedly showing the incident.

UN ‚will mediate in China-Vietnam row‘ (BBC)

1974: China and South Vietnam fight a war over the Paracel Islands; China seizes Vietnam-controlled islands.
After war, Hanoi moves closer to Russia, angered by Beijing’s support for Khmer Rouge
1979: China and Vietnam fight a border war; thousands of troops die
1988: Two sides fight over the Spratly Islands; about 60 Vietnamese sailors killed

Nga Pham: Shift as Vietnam marks South China Sea battle (BBC)
James Manicom: The Energy Context behind China’s Drilling Rig in the South China Sea (Jamestown Foundation)
Ian Forsyth: A Legal Sea Change in the South China Sea: Ramifications of the Philippines’ ITLOS Case (Jamestown Foundation)
Andrew Chubb: China’s Information Management in the Sino-Vietnamese Confrontation: Caution and Sophistication in the Internet Era (Jamestown Foundation)

Du Guodong: Lost Voices (News China)

The Jilin Provincial Archives recently published 89 files related to Japan’s Kwantung Kempeitai (military police corps) and the central bank of the puppet state of Manchukuo, which was established in 1932 by the Empire of Japan in Manchuria, which today is the northeastern Chinese provinces of Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning.
Roughly 90 percent of the published documents are written in Japanese including soldiers’ letters, newspaper articles, telephone records and government surveys. The archives are being claimed as concrete evidence of atrocities carried out by Japan during its occupation of China from 1931 to 1945, including the Rape of Nanking, the operation of military brothels and experimentation on live prisoners of war by Japanese military scientists.

3. Plenum des XVIII. Zentralkomitees
Nov 4th, 2013 by Gao

杜建国:十八届三中全会不会有大动作(新浪博客)

“十八届三中全会将会在经济改革方面有大动作”,这是一年来(十八大以来)“自由派”掌控的中国主流媒体和部分国外媒体(如华尔街日报、英国金融时报)的宣传工作的重点。不过相对于这一鼓噪而言,即将于11月召开的三中全会肯定是雷声大、雨点小,不会有大动作出台。
何谓大动作?在笔者看来,媒体所宣扬的大动作,无非是两条:第一,对庞大的国有资产进行重大改革,即私有化;第二,金融改革,包括对外和对内两方面。掠夺资本——即“自由派”资本——企图通过这两项措施将中国高速发展三十多年的成果都装进自己口袋里。笔者认为,在这两个领域,三中全会不会有大动作。先谈谈金融方面。中国政府肯定不会允许资本自由流动,1997年亚洲金融危机的教训历历在目,中国政府岂能重蹈覆辙?国内方面,中国政府今年已经做出了促进私人资本成立银行的决定,这是“自由派”的胜利,不过自由派欲壑难填,还企图有进一步的要求。自由派不仅要求放开私人银行的限制,相反还要求进一步的优惠或特权,比如降低保证金门槛等,这无异于玩火,政府肯定不会予以支持。另一个是放纵非法集资与集资诈骗,即让吴英、曾成杰们为所欲为,对此政府也不会答应。

Wolfgang Pomrehn: China baut sich um (junge Welt)

Heute endet das 3. Plenum des Zentralkomitees der Kommunistischen Partei. Vom Gremium ­werden weitreichende Reformen der Wirtschaft erwartet.

Minxin Pei: What’s the real test to Xi Jinping and the Communist Party at the Third Plenum? (South China Morning Post)

There is something odd and disturbing about the conventional wisdom surrounding the upcoming Third Plenum of the 18th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). As the November 9-12 conclave draws near, the international community’s attention seems to be focused mainly on technocratic policy changes deemed essential to restructuring China’s state-dominated economy and reenergising growth.
Will the government liberalise interest rates or loosen capital controls? How will the fiscal system be revamped? Will land reform be part of the package?
The list of such questions goes on. Outside China, the prevalent view among business leaders is that President Xi Jinping’s new administration has consolidated its power and acquired enough authority to push through far-reaching economic reforms. He and his colleagues need only to get the specific policies right.

Felix Lee: Chinas Wirtschaft hofft auf das Zentralkomitee (Zeit)

Als die neue chinesische Führung im März ihr Amt antrat, waren die Erwartungen groß. Verglichen mit ihren Vorgängern sind Premier Li Keqiang und Präsident Xi Jinping noch jung: Li ist 58 Jahre alt, Xi wurde im Juni 60. Sie würden China verändern, hoffte man im In- und Ausland. Bislang hat sich das allerdings nicht erfüllt, auch nicht wirtschaftspolitisch. Zwar gab es Ankündigungen, aber noch keine Taten.
In den nächsten Wochen könnte sich das ändern. Am 9. November beginnt das “Dritte Plenum des 18. Zentralkomitees der Kommunistischen Partei”. Die Zusammenkunft der Parteikader ist wesentlich spannender, als der sperrige Titel vermuten lässt, denn hier treffen sich die 376 mächtigsten Männer und Frauen Chinas zu einer ehrgeizigen Konferenz: Sie legen die Umrisse der Wirtschaftspolitik für die kommenden Jahre fest.

Larry Elliott: China prepares to liberalise finance as hedge funds and estate agents salivate (Guardian)

Analysts at Capital Economics say the third plenum will come up with a direction of travel rather than a detailed policy programme. But they expect the new leadership to address three key issues: the low share of national income going to average households; the dominant role of the state in much of the economy; and the inefficient use of capital.

Willy Lam: SOE links threaten china reform drive (Asia Times)

The recent detention of senior executives of the China National Petroleum Corp (CNPC) has highlighted a major question about China’s economic plans: Whether the Xi Jinping-Li Keqiang administration has finally decided to restructure the 110 or so yangqi, or state-owned enterprise (SOE) groupings.

A world to turn upside down (Economist)

Of the economic issues facing November’s plenum of the Chinese Communist Party, none looms larger than land reform in the countryside.

Linda Yueh: What to expect from the Third Plenum? (China Policy Institute)

Will 2013 be another 1978 or at least 1993 for China? Third Plenums held in those years resulted in significant overhauls of economic policy. The Third Plenum refers to the third time that the new leaders of China lead a plenary session of the Central Committee. The current one is being billed as being as significant as the one in December 1978 that marked the start of market-oriented reforms in China over 3 decades ago under Deng Xiaoping. Change of a similarly dramatic nature is unlikely, but there are high expectations that the new Chinese leaders will launch reforms that are as notable as those made in 1993, which dismantled a large part of the state-owned sector.

Barry Naughton: What the Heck is China’s ‘Third Plenum’ and Why Should You Care? (ChinaFile)

Gradually—perhaps over three years—China will liberalize interest rates, open up the renminbi capital account and let the renminbi partially float. However, these important changes are already “baked in” and implementation is in the hands of technocrats who can back off if things get rocky.

Chris Luo: Premier Li Keqiang endorses private entrepreneurs, promises further reforms (South China Morning Post)

Felix Lee: Chinas Märchen von der niedrigen Arbeitslosigkeit (Zeit)

Chinas Statistiker haben eine neue Aufgabe: Sie sollen endlich für zuverlässigere Arbeitsmarktdaten sorgen.
Sei Jahrzehnten liegt die Arbeitslosenquote in der Volksrepublik praktisch konstant bei vier Prozent – sowohl in guten als auch in schlechten Zeiten. Vor Beginn der Weltwirtschaftskrise lag sie bei glatten vier Prozent. Nur im Frühjahr 2009 war die Zahl für kurze Zeit nach oben geschossen. Doch schon das erste Konjunkturpaket drückte sie wieder nach unten. Auf wie viel Prozent? Auf vier natürlich! Aktuell liegt die Quote bei 4,1 Prozent. Kein Wunder, dass kaum ein Ökonom, der etwas auf sich hält, die offizielle Arbeitslosenzahl wirklich ernst nimmt.

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