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Neue Seidenstraße
Aug 23rd, 2017 by Gao

Bernd Vasari: Ein Zug wird kommen (Wiener Zeitung)

Nach jahrelangen Forderungen der Wirtschaftskammer gibt es nun auch von Infrastrukturminister Jörg Leichtfried (SPÖ) ein Bekenntnis zum Ausbau der Breitspurbahn nach Wien. „Ich will Österreich zur Logistikdrehscheibe in Europa machen“, sagt er. Die derzeitige Endstation befindet sich im 400 Kilometer entfernten Kosice. Bei einem technisch möglichen Baubeginn in sechs Jahren könnte die Strecke bis zum Jahr 2033 fertiggestellt werden. Österreich wäre dann über die Schiene bis nach China verbunden. …
Bei einem von Chinas Staatschef Xi Jinping einberufenen Seidenstraßen-Gipfel im Mai wurde Österreich nicht hochrangig, sondern nur durch die Botschafterin vertreten. Im Gegensatz zu Ungarn, wo Ministerpräsident Viktor Orban anwesend war.

Zhang Junhua: China – eine Friedensmacht? (Neue Zürcher Zeitung)

Mit einer anvisierten Investition von mehreren Billionen Dollar weltweit ist Chinas Seidenstrassen-Projekt einer der ambitioniertesten Pläne der Menschheitsgeschichte. Sicherlich ist der ursprüngliche Ansatz des Vorhabens auf Chinas strategisches Eigeninteresse fokussiert: Durch den massiven Aufbau der Infrastruktur will man das Problem der Überkapazität chinesischer Industrieproduktion lösen. Mit der Zeit hat sich jedoch eine Eigendynamik entwickelt, die positive Nebeneffekte zeitigt. Die immer wichtiger werdende Rolle Chinas als friedensstiftender Macht ist ein Beispiel dafür.

Neue Seidenstraße: China plant riesigen Bahnbau durch Malaysia (Industrie-Magazin)

Peking will elf Milliarden Euro in den Bau einer neuen Bahnverbindung durch Malaysia investieren. Das Projekt soll Teil der geplanten „Neuen Seidenstraße“ werden.

Norbert Paulsen: Comeback der Seidenstraße (DVZ)
Hermannus Pfeiffer: Offener Handel auf Chinesisch (Frankfurter Rundschau)

Während die USA sich unter Donald Trump abschotten, nutzt Chinas Präsident Xi das Vakuum und wirbt für mehr wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit.

Nicht wirklich zum Thema:
Doris Griesser: Nachrichten von der Seidenstraße (Standard)

Hannes Fellner gehört zur exklusiven Gruppe jener Menschen, die des Tocharischen mächtig sind. Wer noch nie von der Existenz einer solchen Sprache gehört hat, möge sich die Bildungslücke verzeihen: Immerhin hat man diesen ausgestorbenen Sprachzweig der indogermanischen Sprachfamilie erst kurz vor dem Ersten Weltkrieg entdeckt. Und zwar im Zuge militärisch-archäologischer Expeditionen ins damals politisch geschwächte China, wo in der heutigen Region Xinjiang im zweiten Jahrhundert n. Chr. zahllose buddhistische Gemeinden und Klöster entlang der Seidenstraße entstanden waren.

Arbeitsmigration | Verschuldung
Apr 27th, 2015 by Gao

Bernice Chan: How modern-day Chinese migrants are making a new life in Italy (South China Morning Post)

Work Tensions Rise in China, Despite Calls for Harmony (Wall Street Journal)

Labor disputes continued to swell in China over the first three months of this year, government data showed Friday, as slowing growth in the world’s second-largest economy puts more pressure on workers.
Roughly 190,300 labor-arbitration cases were filed from January to March, up 16.8% from the same period a year earlier, said Li Zhong, a spokesman for the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, in a news briefing. Those cases involved some 275,600 people, up 24.8% from a year earlier, he added.
The first-quarter increase in arbitration cases outpaced the 12.6% on-year rise logged in the previous three months, according to ministry data. The rise in the number of affected workers was also faster than the 15.5% on-year increase seen in the fourth quarter.

Neil Gough: China’s Economy Puts New Pressure on Its Lopsided Job Market (New York Times)

趙平復:「萬隆會議精神」實際內涵和當代意義(苦勞網)

Geoffrey Crothall: Is Li Keqiang more at home in Davos than in Beijing? (China Labour Bulletin)

Mr Li was in his element at the World Economic Forum’s annual meeting in Davos this January where he gave a keynote address, and in the interview with the Financial Times on 31 March, in which he outlined his vision of China as an integral part of the global financial and economic system. The Davos crowd speak the same language as Mr Li; they are concerned with same issues, and basically want to see the same thing – stable and balanced global economic growth led by innovation and free markets.

„Youwei“: The End of Reform in China (Foreign Affairs)

Since the start of its post-Mao reforms in the late 1970s, the communist regime in China has repeatedly defied predictions of its impending demise. The key to its success lies in what one might call “authoritarian adaptation”—the use of policy reforms to substitute for fundamental institutional change. Under Deng Xiaoping, this meant reforming agriculture and unleashing entrepreneurship. Under Jiang Zemin, it meant officially enshrining a market economy, reforming state-owned enterprises, and joining the World Trade Organization. Under Hu Jintao and Wen Jiabao, it meant reforming social security. Many expect yet another round of sweeping reforms under Xi Jinping—but they may be disappointed.

Ian Johnson: Lawsuit Over Banned Memoir Asks China to Explain Censorship (New York Times)

Though China’s censorship of the Internet is widely known, its aggressive efforts to intercept publications being carried into the country have received less notice.

Mike Bird: China just let part of a state-owned company default for the first time ever (Business Insider)
Enda Curran, Lu Lianting: China Has a Massive Debt Problem (Bloomberg)

China has a $28 trillion problem. That’s the country’s total government, corporate and household debt load as of mid-2014, according to McKinsey & Co. It’s equal to 282 percent of the country’s total annual economic output.

Christopher Langner, Lu Lianting: We’re Just Learning the True Cost of China’s Debt (Bloomberg)
Mia Tahara-Stubbs: China bad debt spikes by more than a third (CNBC)
Laura He: China government firm’s default shocks market — Is more to come? (Markte Watch)

Russell Flannery: China Now Has A Record 400 Billionaires And Billionaire Families; Greater China 500+ (Forbes)

P S Ramya: China’s Myanmar Conundrum ()

Myanmar’s domestic politics are central to China’s strategic interests, and are testing Beijing’s core principles.

Gray Tuttle: China’s Race Problem (Foreign Affairs)

Nick Davies: Vietnam 40 years on: how a communist victory gave way to capitalist corruption (Guardian)

After the military victory, Vietnam’s socialist model began to collapse. Cut off by US-led trade embargos and denied reconstruction aid, it plunged into poverty. Now its economy is booming – but so is inequality and corruption

Streik bei Cuiheng | Mindestreservesatz | Dokument Nr. 9
Apr 20th, 2015 by Gao

At the sharp end of the workers’ movement in China: The Zhongshan Cuiheng strike (China Labour Bulletin)

A month-long strike at a Japanese-owned bag manufacturer in the Pearl River Delta town of Zhongshan has been characterized by police violence, arrests and intimidation, and the absolute refusal of the boss to negotiate. Welcome to the sharp end of the workers’ movement in China.
The strike broke out in mid-March. The roughly 200 workers at Cuiheng Co. were unhappy at low-pay and the refusal of the company to pay social security and housing fund contributions, year-end bonuses and other benefits.

Tom Barnes, Kevin Lin: China’s growing labour movement offers hope for workers globally (Conversation)

Reuters: China’s central bank cuts reserve ratio (Guardian)

China’s central bank has cut the amount of cash that banks must hold as reserves on Sunday, the second industry-wide cut in two months, adding more liquidity to the world’s second-biggest economy to help spur bank lending and combat slowing growth.
The People’s Bank of China lowered the reserve requirement ratio (RRR) for all banks by 100 basis points to 18.5%, effective from Monday, the central bank said in a statement on its website.

Angus Grigg: China frees up $200b to stoke economy (Financial Review)

The RRR cut is expected to release around 1 trillion yuan ($208 billion) of capital into the economy.

China Steps Up Economy Help With Reduced Bank Reserve Ratios (Bloomberg)

The reserve-requirement ratio was lowered 1 percentage point Monday, the People’s Bank of China said. While that was the second reduction this year, the new level of 18.5 percent is still high by global standards. The cut will allow banks to boost lending by about 1.2 trillion yuan ($194 billion)…
The reserve ratio will be reduced by another percentage point for rural financial institutions, two additional percentage points for Agricultural Development Bank and a further 0.5 percentage point for banks with a certain level of loans to agriculture and small enterprises.
Those extra reductions give the move a “reformist flavor,” wrote Bloomberg economists Tom Orlik and Fielding Chen. Still, with growth weak and small companies most at risk, it’s understandable banks see state-owned firms as safer bets.
“As ever, the price of stronger growth is slower progress on structural reform,” they wrote.

Document 9: A ChinaFile Translation (ChinaFile)

This weekend, China’s leaders gather in Beijing for meetings widely expected to determine the shape of China’s economy, as well as the nation’s progress, over the next decade. What exactly the outcome of this Third Plenum of the Eighteenth Party Congress of the Chinese Communist Party will be remains shrouded in no small measure of secrecy, like most matters of high politics in China. President Xi Jinping has signaled that a significant new wave of economic liberalization may be in the works. But in the realm of political reform, Xi also has signaled a deep reluctance. In fact, many of the actions taken and techniques used under his year of leadership suggest a return to ideas and tactics that hark back to the days of Mao Zedong.
One such signal came during this past spring, when reports began to appear that the Party leadership was being urged to guard against seven political “perils,” including constitutionalism, civil society, “nihilistic” views of history, “universal values,” and the promotion of “the West’s view of media.” It also called on Party members to strengthen their resistance to “infiltration” by outside ideas, renew their commitment to work “in the ideological sphere,” and to handle with renewed vigilance all ideas, institutions, and people deemed threatening to unilateral Party rule. These warnings were enumerated in a communiqué circulated within the Party by its General Office in April, and, because they constituted the ninth such paper issued this year, have come to be known as “Document 9.”

Daniel A. Bell: Teaching ‘Western Values’ in China (New York Times)

Nobody is surprised that the Chinese government curbs “Western-style” civil and political liberties. But it may be news to some people that the government has recently called for the strengthening of Marxist ideology in universities and a ban on “teaching materials that disseminate Western values in our classrooms.” On the face of it, such regulations are absurd. It would mean banning not just the ideas of John Stuart Mill and John Rawls, but also those of such thinkers as Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.

Reporters Without Borders reveals state secrets in reaction to Gao Yu’s sentence (Reporters Without Borders)

Brian Eyler: China’s new silk roads tie together 3 continents (China Dialogue)

China recently unveiled an action plan for its controversial One Belt, One Road initiative to link its economy with the rest of Asia, Africa, the Middle East and Europe. Known as the ‘new silk roads’, it combines new infrastructure networks of roads, railway lines, ports to strengthen trade, investment, and people-to-people cooperation.

Korruption | Tibet | AIIB | Wirtschaft | Umwelt | Personenkult
Apr 6th, 2015 by Gao

Andrew Jacobs: Taking Feminist Battle to China’s Streets, and Landing in Jail (New York Times)

The young Chinese feminists shaved their heads to protest inequality in higher education and stormed men’s restrooms to highlight the indignities women face in their prolonged waits at public toilets.
To publicize domestic violence, two prominent activists, Li Tingting and Wei Tingting, put on white wedding gowns, splashed them with red paint and marched through one of the capital’s most popular tourist districts chanting, “Yes to love, no to violence.”
Media-savvy, fearless and well-connected to feminists outside China, the young activists over the last three years have taken their righteous indignation to the streets, pioneering a brand of guerrilla theater familiar in the West but largely unheard-of in this authoritarian nation.

Ben Blanchard, Clarence Fernandez: Tibet party boss says temples must be propaganda centers (Reuters)

Buddhist temples and monasteries in Tibet must become propaganda centers for the ruling Communist Party, where monks and nuns learn to „revere“ science and appreciate the party’s love, the troubled region’s top Chinese appointed official said…
Writing in the influential fortnightly party magazine Qiushi, Tibet’s Communist Party boss Chen Quanguo said the more than 1,700 temples and monasteries and 46,000 monks and nuns had to be seen by the government as „friends“.
„Let the monks and nuns in the temples and monasteries have a personal feeling of the party and government’s care and warmth; let them feel the party’s benevolence, listen to the party’s words and follow the party’s path,“ Chen wrote in Qiushi, which means „seeking truth“.
He called for temples and monasteries in the region to be outfitted with radios and televisions, as well as newspapers and reading rooms.

Ho-Fung Hung: China Steps Back (New York Times)

Beijing’s plans for a new multilateral Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank have put Washington on edge. More than 40 countries, including major United States allies in Europe, have signed up to join it despite the Obama administration’s objections and warnings.
In fact, the United States government has nothing to fear from the A.I.I.B.; its opposition is misguided. The bank’s creation will not enhance China’s global power at the expense of the United States. If anything, Beijing’s attempt to go multilateral is a step backward: It’s a concession that China’s established practice of promoting bilateral initiatives in the developing world has backfired.

Minxin Pei: China’s economy: Caught in a vicious, stubborn cycle (Fortune)

Beijing must contend with an unhealthy combination of excessive debt, overcapacity, and a lack of new sources of growth…
Chinese industrial production grew only 6.8% in January and February, the slowest since 2008. Real estate sales plunged 15.8% in value. Fixed-asset investment, the principal driver of Chinese growth, recorded anemic growth at 1.05% and 1.03% in January and February, respectively (compared with 1.49% and 1.42% in the same period last year).
Acknowledging this unpleasant reality, Chinese premier Li Keqiang told the attendees of the NPC that China’s GDP growth will be “around 7%” this year.
But achieving growth of 7% may be a tall order.

John Garnaut, Philip Wen: Chinese President’s war on corruption finds its way to Brighton (Age)

President Xi Jinping’s „You Die, I Live“ war against corruption seems a long way from the beachside cul-de-sacs of Brighton. But it has come right to the doorstep of Zheng Jiefu, an Australian resident property developer, who has been trapped in a mafia-style shakedown involving China’s former deputy spy chief and the country’s most wanted man.

Tim Maughan: The dystopian lake filled by the world’s tech lust (BBC)

From where I’m standing, the city-sized Baogang Steel and Rare Earth complex dominates the horizon, its endless cooling towers and chimneys reaching up into grey, washed-out sky. Between it and me, stretching into the distance, lies an artificial lake filled with a black, barely-liquid, toxic sludge.
Dozens of pipes line the shore, churning out a torrent of thick, black, chemical waste from the refineries that surround the lake. The smell of sulphur and the roar of the pipes invades my senses. It feels like hell on Earth.

Austin Ramzy: Xi Jinping’s Sayings Now Available in ‘Little Red App’ (New York Times)

President Xi Jinping of China is the model of a modern multimedia leader. He has appeared in cartoons, been praised in song, had his travels tracked by a very dedicated Weibo account, and had his book on governance translated into at least nine languages.
So an app was obviously next.
Created by a website run by the Central Party School of the Communist Party, the new, free app offers intensive lessons on Mr. Xi. It has 12 features including texts of his speeches and books, news reports, analyses from experts and a map that traces his travels.

Tom Phillips: China’s Xi Jinping launches his ‘Little Red App’ (Telegraph)

During the 1960s and 1970s, Chairman Mao’s ‘Little Red Book’ is said to have been the most printed book in the world, with hundreds of millions of copies produced.
Xi Jinping’s 12.8MB app, which is the handiwork of software designers employed by Beijing’s secretive Communist Party School, has had a more modest start.
By Friday afternoon it had been downloaded just 1,200 times, according to XYO, an app search engine.

Übersetzungen:
Another Shoe Strike, the Silk Road, and a Smashed-up High School (Chuang)

Soziale Ungleichheit | Lohnfindung | Myanmar | Korruption | Palästina
Jul 27th, 2014 by Gao

AFP: Top 1% control 3rd of China’s wealth (Bangkok Post)

The top one percent of households in Communist-ruled China control more than one third of the country’s wealth, while the bottom 25 percent control just one percent, official media said, citing an academic report.
The 2012 figures contained in a Peking University report released late Friday reveal the massive breadth of China’s social inequality, a widespread source of anger in the country.

Carsten A. Holz: Wage determination in China during the reform period (Suomen Pankki)

Returned Myanmar tell of ‚atrocious‘ working conditions in China (Burma [sic] News International)
Mo Hong’e: Ambassador denies China-Myanmar rail project cancelled (China News Service)

Russell Leigh Moses: Power Struggles: Seeing China’s Anti-Graft Drive in a Different Light (Wall Street Journal)

Recent moves against senior Chinese officials with ties to the energy sector present a challenge to one of the dominant story lines surrounding President Xi Jinping’s anti-corruption crusade.
An increasing number of observers are arguing that Xi’s sweeping corruption crackdown is about settling political scores and consolidating power – an old-school purge reminiscent of the Mao era.
But the formal indictment earlier this week of a former planning official on corruption charges and the firing last month of a top official with the National Energy Administration suggest the crackdown is motivated at least as much by a desire to remove people standing in the way of much-needed economic reforms.

Michael Martina, Clarence Fernandez: China probes more than 25,000 people for graft in first half of year (Reuters)

Friends of Palestine Hong Kong, Left 21, Socialist Action, Globalization Monitor, LSD, HKFS: Hong Kong People in Solidarity with Gaza: Stop the massacre! Get out of the Settlements! (Europe solidaire sans frontières)
Mo Hong’e: Ambassador denies China-Myanmar rail project cancelled (China News Service)

Russell Leigh Moses: Power Struggles: Seeing China’s Anti-Graft Drive in a Different Light (Wall Street Journal)

Michael Martina, Clarence Fernandez: China probes more than 25,000 people for graft in first half of year (Reuters)

Marlies Kastenhofer: Kampf der Giganten im Hinterhof Chinas (Presse)

Anlässlich der weltgrößten Marineübung im Pazifik entsandte Peking ein Spionageschiff vor die Küste Hawaiis. Seit Monaten kämpfen China und die USA um die Vorherrschaft im Südchinesischen Meer.

Mu Chunshan: Why China Must Pay Attention to the Israel-Palestine Conflict (Diplomat)

Under Mao Zedong, China sided with Palestine. Former Chinese leaders such as Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping had almost unconditional support for the revolutionary cause led by Yasser Arafat, who was called “an old friend of the Chinese people.” The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) obtained both funds and weapons from China …
During the 1980s, China began to abandon ideologically-driven diplomacy as part of its reform and opening process. China gradually began to draw closer to Israel. The reason is quite simple: Israel’s defense technology was attractive to China … At the same time, China’s stance on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has changed from unilateral condemnation of Israel to a neutral stance.

Nigel Wilson: Where the Brics Stand on Israel’s Gaza Offensive (International Business Times)

Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa agree on a two-state solution for the long-running Israel-Palestine but their differing responses to the Gaza crisis reveal they are far from united.

Friends of Palestine Hong Kong, Left 21, Socialist Action, Globalization Monitor, LSD, HKFS: Hong Kong People in Solidarity with Gaza: Stop the massacre! Get out of the Settlements! (Europe solidaire sans frontières)

Grenzkonflikt mit Indien | Inselkonflikt mit Japan | Myanmar
Mai 28th, 2013 by Gao

M. K. Bhadrakumar: Frost in a promising Indian summer (Asia Times)
Gavan McCormack: Much Ado over Small Islands: The Sino-Japanese Confrontation over Senkaku/Diaoyu (Japan Focus)
Brendan O’Reilly: Li makes his Potsdam declaration (Asia Times)
Prashanth Parameswaran: China’s Strategic Recalibration in Burma (Jamestown Foundation)

Nationaler Volkskongress | Mekong-Piraten
Mrz 12th, 2013 by Gao

James T. Areddy, James V. Grimaldi: Defying Mao, Rich Chinese Crash the Communist Party (Wall Street Journal)
留美经济学博士联名公开信反对撤销铁道部(看看新闻网)
Francesco Sisci: China seizes the day for market forces (Asia Times)
Evan Taylor: Major Shakeup in Chinese Rail (CounterPunch)
Didi Kirsten Tatlow: Swift Demise of Last Major Monopoly in China (New York Times)
Francesco Sisci: Devil in details of grand urban plan (Asia Times)
Ralf Hutter, Rolf Geffken: Die Macht der Zentrale reicht nicht weit (Neues Deutschland)
Rolf Geffken: Die Legende vom genügsamen chinesischen Arbeiter (Neues Deutschland)
Johannes Korge: Superreiche Politiker: In Chinas Volkskongress sitzen 31 Milliardäre (Spiegel)
Brendan P. O’Reilly: Xi’s egalitarian streak runs into reality (Asia Times)

Eine Reportage über ein Beispiel dafür, wie China-Berichterstattung im Westen (nicht) funktioniert:
Peter Lee: Did China execute the wrong pirate? (Asia Times)

Myanmar
Feb 6th, 2013 by Gao

Brendan O’Reilly: China steps into Kachin conflict (Asia Times)

Außenpolitik 2012 | Myanmar
Jan 9th, 2013 by Gao

Peter Lee: China checks the pivot line (Asia Times)
Peter Lee: China seeks copper firewall in Myanmar (Asia Times)

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