Arbeitsplätze | Inselstreit
Aug 28th, 2016 by Gao

Michael Schuman: Is China Stealing Jobs? It May Be Losing Them, Instead / 中国抢走美国人的工作?如今情况或已逆转 (New York Times)

As its economy has expanded, creating opportunities in many sectors, assembly line jobs are not as attractive as they once were. That has caused managers to raise wages to attract workers. At the same time, local governments in Shenzhen, a coastal trading hub that abuts Hong Kong, and other industrial centers have steadily increased the mandated minimum wage to improve the welfare of working families and pressure companies to produce more expensive, high-value products.
That combination has pushed wages for Chinese factory workers higher. Their monthly pay now averages $424, 29 percent more than just three years ago, the Japan External Trade Organization has estimated. Labor costs in China are now significantly higher than in many other emerging economies. Factory workers in Vietnam earn less than half the salary of a Chinese worker, while those in Bangladesh get paid under a quarter as much.

Below the Winds: What Do the Island Disputes Really Mean to Vietnamese & Chinese Workers? (chuang)
Christian Vits: Chinas langer Arm ins Meer (Standard)

Militärisches Säbelrasseln und Kriegsrhetorik – kaum ein Tag vergeht, an dem der Konflikt um Gebietsansprüche im Südchinesischen Meer in Asien ohne Schlagzeilen bleibt. Der Streit drohe zu einer „Wiege des Krieges“ zu werden, warnte etwa der chinesische Vizeaußenminister Liu Zhenmin Mitte Juli.

Streik bei Cuiheng | Mindestreservesatz | Dokument Nr. 9
Apr 20th, 2015 by Gao

At the sharp end of the workers’ movement in China: The Zhongshan Cuiheng strike (China Labour Bulletin)

A month-long strike at a Japanese-owned bag manufacturer in the Pearl River Delta town of Zhongshan has been characterized by police violence, arrests and intimidation, and the absolute refusal of the boss to negotiate. Welcome to the sharp end of the workers’ movement in China.
The strike broke out in mid-March. The roughly 200 workers at Cuiheng Co. were unhappy at low-pay and the refusal of the company to pay social security and housing fund contributions, year-end bonuses and other benefits.

Tom Barnes, Kevin Lin: China’s growing labour movement offers hope for workers globally (Conversation)

Reuters: China’s central bank cuts reserve ratio (Guardian)

China’s central bank has cut the amount of cash that banks must hold as reserves on Sunday, the second industry-wide cut in two months, adding more liquidity to the world’s second-biggest economy to help spur bank lending and combat slowing growth.
The People’s Bank of China lowered the reserve requirement ratio (RRR) for all banks by 100 basis points to 18.5%, effective from Monday, the central bank said in a statement on its website.

Angus Grigg: China frees up $200b to stoke economy (Financial Review)

The RRR cut is expected to release around 1 trillion yuan ($208 billion) of capital into the economy.

China Steps Up Economy Help With Reduced Bank Reserve Ratios (Bloomberg)

The reserve-requirement ratio was lowered 1 percentage point Monday, the People’s Bank of China said. While that was the second reduction this year, the new level of 18.5 percent is still high by global standards. The cut will allow banks to boost lending by about 1.2 trillion yuan ($194 billion)…
The reserve ratio will be reduced by another percentage point for rural financial institutions, two additional percentage points for Agricultural Development Bank and a further 0.5 percentage point for banks with a certain level of loans to agriculture and small enterprises.
Those extra reductions give the move a “reformist flavor,” wrote Bloomberg economists Tom Orlik and Fielding Chen. Still, with growth weak and small companies most at risk, it’s understandable banks see state-owned firms as safer bets.
“As ever, the price of stronger growth is slower progress on structural reform,” they wrote.

Document 9: A ChinaFile Translation (ChinaFile)

This weekend, China’s leaders gather in Beijing for meetings widely expected to determine the shape of China’s economy, as well as the nation’s progress, over the next decade. What exactly the outcome of this Third Plenum of the Eighteenth Party Congress of the Chinese Communist Party will be remains shrouded in no small measure of secrecy, like most matters of high politics in China. President Xi Jinping has signaled that a significant new wave of economic liberalization may be in the works. But in the realm of political reform, Xi also has signaled a deep reluctance. In fact, many of the actions taken and techniques used under his year of leadership suggest a return to ideas and tactics that hark back to the days of Mao Zedong.
One such signal came during this past spring, when reports began to appear that the Party leadership was being urged to guard against seven political “perils,” including constitutionalism, civil society, “nihilistic” views of history, “universal values,” and the promotion of “the West’s view of media.” It also called on Party members to strengthen their resistance to “infiltration” by outside ideas, renew their commitment to work “in the ideological sphere,” and to handle with renewed vigilance all ideas, institutions, and people deemed threatening to unilateral Party rule. These warnings were enumerated in a communiqué circulated within the Party by its General Office in April, and, because they constituted the ninth such paper issued this year, have come to be known as “Document 9.”

Daniel A. Bell: Teaching ‘Western Values’ in China (New York Times)

Nobody is surprised that the Chinese government curbs “Western-style” civil and political liberties. But it may be news to some people that the government has recently called for the strengthening of Marxist ideology in universities and a ban on “teaching materials that disseminate Western values in our classrooms.” On the face of it, such regulations are absurd. It would mean banning not just the ideas of John Stuart Mill and John Rawls, but also those of such thinkers as Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.

Reporters Without Borders reveals state secrets in reaction to Gao Yu’s sentence (Reporters Without Borders)

Brian Eyler: China’s new silk roads tie together 3 continents (China Dialogue)

China recently unveiled an action plan for its controversial One Belt, One Road initiative to link its economy with the rest of Asia, Africa, the Middle East and Europe. Known as the ‘new silk roads’, it combines new infrastructure networks of roads, railway lines, ports to strengthen trade, investment, and people-to-people cooperation.

Foxconn | Liu Han | Hongkong | Xinjiang
Feb 11th, 2015 by Gao

Yi Xi: Four years later, still a graveyard of Chinese youth (

In 2014, on the eve of China’s national day celebrations, scenes recalling those of four years ago appeared in Chinese headlines. Foxconn became known to the world four years ago when thirteen of its young workers jumped to their deaths in quick succession. The death of young Foxconn worker and poet Xu Lizhi reminded us that in this Fortune 500 company that produces some 40% of the world’s electronics, the cruelty and hopelessness of workers‘ situation has not changed. But most of us are unaware that Xu is not alone. At least five other workers, and likely more than that, have joined him this year. Many other workers have taken their own lives since the famous 13.

Yi Xi: Union Official Links Foxconn Deaths to Excessive Overtime (LaborNotes)

The All-China Federation of Trade Unions—never distinguished for its advocacy protecting workers—has taken the unusual step of publicly criticizing Foxconn for excessive overtime.
Foxconn, the largest private employer in China, employs 1.2 million workers and produces a huge share of the world’s electronics.
On February 2, ACFTU Party Secretary Guo Jun publically criticized Foxconn’s excessive overtime work arrangements. Guo connected these problems to the series of worker suicides and deaths by overwork at its massive factory complex.
In an open letter response on February 3, Foxconn had the audacity to claim that “there is no relationship between constant overtime and incidents of death from overwork or suicide,” and referred to its infamous 2010 serial suicides as “unfortunate incidents with a few individual workers.”

Chun Han Wong: China Labor Ties Fray as Grievances Rise, Economic Growth Slows (Wall Street Journal)

For four years, a labor-research center here in the heart of China’s southern manufacturing belt helped to drive scholarship and debate on industrial relations in the world’s second-largest economy.
Then late last year, the International Center for Joint Labor Research, the first institute of its kind in China, was shut down, with little warning or explanation, people familiar with the situation said.
Its demise has alarmed labor experts, including some union officials, who see it as a setback for industrial relations just as China is dealing with rising worker grievances and slowing economic growth.

China executes mining tycoon Liu Han, who had links to ex-security tsar Zhou Yongkang (South China Morning Post, auch via Google News)

A Chinese mining tycoon linked to former security tsar Zhou Yongkang has been executed, according to state media.
Sichuan native Liu Han, 48, was found guilty of 13 charges – including murder, organising casinos, running a mafia-style gang and illegally selling firearms – and sentenced to death in late May.
He was executed on Monday morning together with his younger brother Liu Wei and three associates, Tang Xianbing, Zhang Donghua and Tian Xianwei, Xianning city intermediate court in Hubei province said.

AP: China executes mining tycoon Liu Han (Guardian)

Ernest Kao: Pepper spray and arrests as Tuen Mun parallel trader protest ends in chaos (South China Morning Post; auch via Google News)

Justine Drennan: Is China Making Its Own Terrorism Problem Worse? (Foreign Policy)

Beijing says radicalized members of its Uighur minority are terrorists with ties to the Islamic State and al Qaeda, but its repressive policies may be helping to fuel the violence.

Und außerdem:
Grace Tsoi: Taipei’s Fiery New Mayor Knows Whose Culture Is Best (Foreign Policy)

“For the [world’s] four Chinese-speaking regions — Taiwan, Singapore, Hong Kong, and Mainland China — the longer the colonization, the more advanced a place is. It’s rather embarrassing. Singapore is better than Hong Kong; Hong Kong is better than Taiwan; Taiwan is better than the mainland. I’m speaking in terms of culture. I’ve been to Vietnam and mainland China. Even though the Vietnamese are seemingly poor, they always stop in front of red traffic lights and walk in front of green ones. Even though mainland China’s GDP is higher than that of Vietnam, if you ask me about culture, the Vietnamese culture is superior.”

David Volodzko: Was Colonialism Good for Asia? (Diplomat)

In controversial remarks, Taipei’s new mayor argued that colonialism is the secret to “more advanced” culture today.

Jun 14th, 2014 by Gao

Seminar: Forms of Labour in Europe and China. The Case of Foxconn (Università di Padova, 26.–27. Juni 2014)

An international seminar with scholars and practitioners engaging the transnational politics of labour and workers’ struggles, organised by Devi Sacchetto (University of Padua) and Rutvica Andrijašević (University of Leicester).

Rutvica Andrijašević: Foxconn in the EU (Portside)

Foxconn, a Taiwanese multinational company, is the largest electronic manufacturing firm in the world. It entered the electronics market in the Czech Republic in the year 2000 by acquiring a socialist conglomerate’s infrastructure in Pardubice, about 100 km from Prague. Seven years later it built a new factory in nearby Kutná Hora. Both plants assemble desktops, laptops, servers and printer cartridges for major brands such as HP, Sony, Samsung, Chimei, Innolux, Cisco and, until a couple of years ago, Apple. While Foxconn also operates in Hungary, Slovakia, Turkey and Russia, it is its Chinese factories that have fallen under the journalistic and academic spotlights.

Marcel Grzanna: Foxconn wieder am Pranger (Süddeutsche Zeitung)

Eine Foxconn-Fabrik in Chongqing im Westen Chinas war nach Informationen der Süddeutschen Zeitung in den vergangenen zwölf Monaten Schauplatz einer neuen Suizidserie. Arbeiter sprechen von acht bis neun Todesfällen durch Selbstmord seit 2013. Der jüngste Fall soll sich erst im April dieses Jahres ereignet haben. 2010 hatten sich mehr als ein Dutzend Arbeiter auf dem Foxconn-Gelände in Shenzhen umgebracht, 2013 nahmen sich drei Angestellte des Standorts Zhengzhou das Leben.

Protest in Taibei | Walmart | Foxconn | Konjunkturpaket
Apr 11th, 2014 by Gao

Zachary Fillingham: Taiwan’s Sunflower Protests Explained (Geopolitical Monitor)

It’s a headline that shocks: Students occupy the national legislature, issue an ultimatum to the ruling government. And for a little while the local Taiwanese media ran with this sense of shock, portraying the occupying students as a motley and misguided crew of beer-swigging firebrands. But it’s clear to anyone present that this initial act of civil disobedience has blossomed into a wider political movement, complete with its very own sentimental branding.
This is Taiwan’s Sunflower Revolution – at least that’s what the protesters will tell you.
It all began in the early hours of March 18, when roughly 250 students stormed the Legislative Yuan in central Taipei. They were quickly joined by 1,000 other students, and since then the number of supporters surrounding the building has grown to over ten thousand, with many staying through the night despite unseasonably cold weather and bouts of torrential rain.
The demands of the main student group in the legislature are simple. They want Taiwan to pull out of a cross-strait service pact that was signed in July of last year; the establishment of an oversight mechanism to monitor future cross-strait negotiations; and for President Ma Ying-jeou to personally respond to their demands.

Chinese Walmart Workers Write to AFL-CIO for Help (China Labour Net)

Liu Jiayi: Workers at samsung supplier win a pay rise following a strike (ZDNet)

More than a thousand workers at the Dongguan-based Shanmukang Technology managed to not only win a better overtime rate on weekdays and weekends, but also double their monthly pay, after a simultaneous strike staged by workers from different depts.

Jennifer Cheung: Criminal Prosecution of Wu Guijun: the China State versus a worker (Union Solidarity International)

It has been nearly 11 months since the workers’ representative, Wu Guijun, was illegally detained by china’s government on the charge of illegal gathering of crowd to disturb transport order, he potentially faces a maximum sentence of a three year imprisonment. The prosecutor believes he planned, organised and instructed the workers’ march that disrupted transport order on May 23 last year in Shenzhen.

Eric Lee: Welcome China’s unions back into the family (Workers’ Liberty)

At the end of March, the International Labour Organisation’s Bureau for Workers Activities (known as ILO-ACTRAV) and the All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU) signed a Memorandum of Understanding “to promote Trade unions South-South Cooperation in the Asia- Pacific region”.

Pun Ngai, Shen Yuan, Guo Yuhua, Lu Huilin, Jenny Chan, Mark Selden: Worker-Intellectual Unity: Suicide, trans-border sociological intervention, and the Foxconn-Apple connection (Japan Focus)

What are the implications for global public sociology and labor studies when more than a score of Foxconn workers jump to their death and when a wave of protests, riots and strikes occur in their wake? This article documents the formation of a cross-border sociological intervention project and illustrates how sociological research fueled regional campaigns that gradually developed into a global campaign. This experience confirms the important political contribution that social science can make when linked with grassroots politics. The authors shed light on how social and economic injustice was creatively challenged by combining the strengths of workers, researchers and transnational movement activists. The study uses both quantitative (semi-structured questionnaires) and qualitative (in-depth interviews and participation observation) methods to gain insights concerning the experiences, world views and collective agency of Chinese workers who are struggling to make sense of the global production regime they inhabit and to contest the forces that shape their working and social lives.

Xu Lin: Top 10 Chinese provinces for the well-heeled (

The latest GroupM Knowledge-Hurun Wealth Report has revealed that Beijing is home to the largest number of wealthy people in China, followed by Guangdong and Shanghai.
By the end of last year, the number of people on the Chinese mainland possessing a wealth in excess of 10 million yuan (US$1.62 million) rose by 3 percent from one year earlier, to 1.05 million. The number of those super-rich, defined as individuals with a personal wealth of 100 million yuan (US$16.2 million) or above, increased by 2 percent—to 64,500, 1,000 more than in 2011.

AP: China puts railways and houses at heart of new stimulus measures (Guardian)

Proteste in Yúyáo | „PraktikantInnen“
Okt 16th, 2013 by Gao

Christopher Bodeen: Thousands Protest Flood Response in Chinese City (AP/ABC)

An unspecified number of people at Tuesday’s protest in the Zhejiang province city of Yuyao were arrested for „radical acts“ including throwing bricks at police and flipping over government vehicles, the official English-language Global Times reported.

Eric Crouch: Photos and video from mass protest in Yuyao: 1500 police on the streets (Shanghaiist)
浙江镇干部视察水灾因穿高档鞋让村支书背(大洋新闻 / 信息时报)
Zhang Yiwei, Yang Hui: Yuyao faces continued flood woes (Global Times)
Jiang Yabin: Flood victims still facing food shortage (Global Times)
Yuan Kaiyu, Liu Dong: Official calls for restraint in Yuyao (Global Times)

Cai Qi, head of the Organization Department of the Communist Party of China Zhejiang Provincial Committee, called for residents in Yuyao to restrain from radical acts on his Tencent Weibo account Tuesday, saying that local government officials have been trying their best in disaster relief.
Many residents in Yuyao also called for rational reflection on the city’s disaster warning and emergency response system instead of blind protest on Tuesday, while thousands of people gathered to criticize the government’s ineffectiveness in the disaster relief work following Typhoon Fitow brought severe flood to the city.

Eine als Reportage getarnte Inhaltsangabe zu einem neuen Buch von Jenny Chan, Pun Ngai und Mark Selden:
Aditya Chakrabortty: Forced student labour is central to the Chinese economic miracle (Guardian)

China has an army of student labour making Apple products, Playstation consoles and other gadgets for the west. The teenagers‘ stories make upsetting reading.

Wirtschaftspolitik | Foxconn
Aug 19th, 2013 by Gao

Die Renmin ribao kritisiert das Konjunkturpaket von Wen Jiabao als „verschwenderisch“; es gibt Indizien für einen Konflikt über die Wirtschaftspolitik:
罗兰:新增投资不搞新版四万亿 专家称不会造成浪费(人民日报)

不搞新版四万亿 明确重点补短板

Jenny Chan: A Suicide Survivor: the life of a Chinese migrant worker at Foxconn (Japan Focus)

In 2010, 18 employees working for Foxconn in China attempted suicide. These shocking events focused world attention on the manufacturing supply chains of China’s export industry and the experience of working within them. What had driven these young migrant assembly line workers to commit such a desperate act? This article provides a first-hand account of the experiences of one of those who survived a suicide attempt, 17-year-old Tian Yu. Her personal narrative is embedded within the broader context of labour process, work organisation and managerial practice at Foxconn, the Taiwanese-owned multinational whose 1.4 million Chinese workers provide products and components for Apple and others. Factory conditions are further shaped by the company trade union and Chinese government policies. The paper concludes with additional contextualisation indicating the emergence of an alliance of workers, students, scholars and transnational labour movement activists who are campaigning for Chinese workers‘ rights.

Foxconn | Ghana | Nikaraguakanal
Jun 11th, 2013 by Gao

Rutvica Andrijašević, Devi Sacchetto: China may be far away but Foxconn is on our doorstep (Open Democracy)

Drawing on support from permissive governments, multinational manufacturer Foxconn has set up shop in Central Europe. Yet the transitory nature of the many migrant workers employed in these factories will have serious consequences for the future of labour in Europe.

Jonathan Kaiman, Afua Hirsch: Ghana arrests 168 Chinese nationals in illegal mining crackdown (Guardian)

The arrests follow a series of pit collapses in which dozens of Ghanaian illegal miners have died, raising concern about the prevalence of the practice in Africa’s second-largest gold producer after South Africa. … The South China Morning Post estimates that more than 50,000 Chinese goldminers have been to Ghana since 2005, two-thirds of them from Shanglin, an impoverished county in southern Guangxi province where news of the gold rush spread by word of mouth.

Jonathan Watts: Nicaragua gives Chinese firm contract to build alternative to Panama Canal (Guardian)

Nicaragua has awarded a Chinese company a 100-year concession to build an alternative to the Panama Canal, in a step that looks set to have profound geopolitical ramifications. The … project … will reinforce Beijing’s growing influence on global trade and weaken US dominance over the key shipping route between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. … Under the initial plans for the project, the government was expected to be the majority shareholder, with construction taking 10 years and the first ship passing through the canal within six years. It is unclear if this is still the case.

Nationaler Volkskongress | Mekong-Piraten
Mrz 12th, 2013 by Gao

James T. Areddy, James V. Grimaldi: Defying Mao, Rich Chinese Crash the Communist Party (Wall Street Journal)
Francesco Sisci: China seizes the day for market forces (Asia Times)
Evan Taylor: Major Shakeup in Chinese Rail (CounterPunch)
Didi Kirsten Tatlow: Swift Demise of Last Major Monopoly in China (New York Times)
Francesco Sisci: Devil in details of grand urban plan (Asia Times)
Ralf Hutter, Rolf Geffken: Die Macht der Zentrale reicht nicht weit (Neues Deutschland)
Rolf Geffken: Die Legende vom genügsamen chinesischen Arbeiter (Neues Deutschland)
Johannes Korge: Superreiche Politiker: In Chinas Volkskongress sitzen 31 Milliardäre (Spiegel)
Brendan P. O’Reilly: Xi’s egalitarian streak runs into reality (Asia Times)

Eine Reportage über ein Beispiel dafür, wie China-Berichterstattung im Westen (nicht) funktioniert:
Peter Lee: Did China execute the wrong pirate? (Asia Times)

Buchpräsentationen: „Arbeitskämpfe in China“ und „iSlaves“
Mrz 11th, 2013 by Gao

Präsentationen der Bücher

  • Georg Egger, Daniel Fuchs, Thomas Immervoll, Lydia Steinmassl (Hg.): Arbeitskämpfe in China. Berichte von der Werkbank der Welt. Wien: Promedia, 2013; sowie
  • Ralf Ruckus (Hg.), Pun Ngai u. a.: iSlaves. Ausbeutung und Widerstand in Chinas Foxconn-Fabriken. Wien, Mandelbaum 2013
  • finden statt

  • am 8. April um 19 Uhr im KPÖ-Bildungszentrum, Lagergasse 98a, 8020 Graz, und
  • am 9. April um 19 Uhr in der Arbeiterkammer-Bibliothek, Prinz-Eugen-Straße 20-22, 1040 Wien.
    »  Host:Blogsport   »  Code:WordPress   »  Style:Ahren Ahimsa