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Sep 6th, 2017 by Gao

Sidney Leng: China’s dirty little secret: its growing wealth gap (South China Morning Post)

China’s wealth gap has widened for the first time in five years, a fact Beijing chose not to mention in this year’s economic report.
The Gini coefficient, a gauge ranging between zero and one that measures income equality, increased slightly to 0.465 last year, from 0.462 in 2015, according to data released by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) this week…
A study from Peking University last year found that the poorest 25 per cent of mainland households owned just 1 per cent of the country’s aggregate wealth, while the richest 1 per cent owned a third of the wealth.

He Huifeng: In China’s richest province, a yawning gap exists between the haves and the have-nots (South China Morning Post)

The coexistence of great wealth and abject poverty in Guangdong shows why narrowing the income gap is a priority of China’s leadership…
Shenzhen’s per capita GDP is now on par with Portugal’s, but the per capita GDP in Qingyuan … was less than a quarter of Shenzhen’s last year, and lower than the national average. Eleven other cities in Guangdong … were also below the national average last year, and in Meizhou, Heyuan, Shanwei and Yunfu per capita GDP was even lower than in Guizhou, China’s most impoverished province…
Guangdong’s wealth gap has grown in the past couple of years, according to Zheng Zizhen, a sociologist and economist with the Guangdong Academy of Social Sciences, a government think-tank in Guangzhou.
“The wealth of families in [major] cities is soaring, driven by the rapid growth in residential property prices,” he said. “But the poorer areas of Guangdong lack the ability to attract enough capital and talent to bring an industrial boom.”
By the numbers, the Pearl River Delta, which includes some of China’s most developed cities, including Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Dongguan and Foshan, covers only 23 per cent of the province but last year it accounted for 79.3 per cent of Guangdong’s economic output, according to official data, up from 79.1 in 2015. The province’s 12 impoverished cities reported average GDP growth of 7.4 per cent last year, according to the provincial development and reform commission, while the Pearl River Delta’s grew by 8.3 per cent.

Zhang Pinghui: Why Xi Jinping cares so much about ending poverty in China: the political significance behind the campaign (South China Morning Post)

Sozialversicherungssystem | Mao Zedong | Long Baorong | Propaganda
Feb 14th, 2015 by Gao

China’s social security system (China Labour Bulletin)

The problems in China’s social security system can be traced back to two key events: The break-up of the state-run economy, which had provided urban workers with an “iron rice bowl” (employment, housing, healthcare and pension), and the introduction of the one-child policy in the 1980s, which meant that parents could no longer rely on a large extended family to look after them in their old age. In other words, as the economy developed and liberalized in the 1990s and 2000s, both the state and social structures that had supported workers in their old age, ill-health and during times of economic hardship gradually vanished, leaving a huge vacuum to fill.
The Chinese government sought to create a new social security system based on individual employment contracts that would make employers, rather than the state, primarily responsible for contributions to pensions, unemployment, medical, work-related injury and maternity insurance. In addition, the government established a housing fund designed to help employees, who no longer had housing provided for them, buy their own home…
After China embarked on its much vaunted economic reform and development program, the government gradually abdicated its authority in labour relations to business interests. As the private sector expanded, employers could unilaterally and arbitrarily determine the pay and working conditions of their employees, keeping wages low and benefits largely non-existent. The national government sought to protect the interests of workers by implementing legislation, such as the 1994 Labour Law and 2008 Labour Contract Law, however local governments either could not or would not enforce the law in the workplace.
Under these circumstances, creating a system where employers are primarily responsible for their employees’ social security was doomed to failure. Employers could often simply ignore their legal obligations and continue with business as usual, often with official connivance…
The failure of the Chinese government to enforce the law and create a social security system that covers everyone has not only disadvantaged China’s workers, it has severely hampered the government’s own ability to push ahead with and accomplish other important policy goals.

Rebecca E. Karl, Michael Schoenhals, Andrew J. Nathan, Richard Bernstein, Ho-Fung Hung, Sebastian Heilmann: Is Mao Still Dead? (ChinaFile)

It has long been standard operating procedure for China’s leaders to pay tribute to Mao. Even as the People’s Republic he wrought has embraced capitalist behavior with ever more heated ardor, the party he founded has remained firmly in power and his portrait has stared out over Tiananmen Square toward the squat building where his body reposes peacefully at the heart of a country he would scarcely recognize. But since Xi Jinping’s arrival at the helm, Mao’s words have seemed to reverberate more loudly. From the rejection of liberalism that colors the internal Party directive known as Document 9, to Education Minister Yuan Guiren’s recent speech demanding an “ideological campaign,” to Xi’s own speeches which seem to reference Mao and Marx far more often than his predecessors’, Chinese politics under Xi seem to have taken a hard ideological turn. How significant is this phenomenon and what does it mean? Is Mao still dead?

Edward Wong: China Sentences 27 Linked to Official Who Reported Graft (New York Times, auch via Google News)

A court in southern China has sentenced to prison 27 family members and supporters of a former official, now dead, who had sought to expose local corruption, a lawyer for one of them said Thursday.
The large number of people sentenced in a single trial for what their advocates have said were political rather than criminal activities was unusual. All were members of the Miao ethnic group, more commonly known in the West as the Hmong.
The former official, Long Baorong, of Fenghuang County in Hunan Province, was detained by Communist Party investigators in 2010 after he raised questions about the local government. In 2011, a court sentenced him to four or five years in prison for fraud and embezzlement, but he was unexpectedly released in 2012. He died shortly afterward, according to the lawyer, Ma Gangquan.

Luisetta Mudie: China Jails Ethnic Miao Leader’s Relatives, Supporters For ‚Triad‘ Activities (Radio Free Asia)

《网信精神》 (YouTube)

网络强国 网在哪光荣梦想在哪
网络强国 从遥远的宇宙到思念的家
网络强国 告诉世界中国梦在崛起大中华
网络强国 一个我在世界代表着国家

Josh Chin, Chun Han Wong: China’s Internet Censors Now Have Their Own Theme Song, And It Is Glorious (Wall Street Journal)
Und im wilden Nordwesten:
新疆喀什市《小苹果》广场舞大赛第一季全记录(天山网)
Rachel Lu: ‘De-radicalizing’ Xinjiang, One Bad Pop Song at a Time (Foreign Policy)

Digitalisierung | Inselstreit
Sep 15th, 2014 by Gao

Paul Mason: China’s workers are turning from analogue slaves into digital rebels (Guardian)

With a wave of strikes co-ordinated on social media, the migrant workforce is using 21st-century tools to fight poverty, corruption and sweated labour

Au Loong-Yu: The Chinese CP, Japan and the South China Sea (Europe solidaire sans frontières)

If one does not find the CCP’s original position on the Diaoyu issue (to shelve the contention over the island’s sovereignty) over the top, one has to admit it is much more arrogant over the developments in the South China Sea. In the name of inheriting the “nine dash lines” rights of the Republic of China under the rule of KMT, it hugely expanded its claims of maritime territories, triggering objections from many countries. Unlike its policy towards Japan in which it proposed putting the contention on hold, the CCP has resorted more and more frequently to armed actions to assert its way in the South China Sea. I am not an expert on international law and would not be able to discuss the issue in that framework. Rather, I would like to have a closer look at the standard nationalist assertion, led by the CCP, that they “would not yield even an inch of the country’s sacred territory”. This is nonsense. The CCP has ironed out border issues time and again with its neighbours in its nearly seven decades in power. Has it always asserted adhering wholly and completely to the land inherited from the Qing Dynasty or the Republic of China? Obviously not. It certainly was not the case in its border deal with North Korea after the People’s Republic of China was founded.

平井纯一:領土ナショナリズム反対!(週刊かけはし) / 反对《领土国家主义》!(普羅民主網)

二〇〇〇万人を超えるアジア民衆、三一〇万人の日本民衆の悲惨きわまる死をもたらした天皇制日本帝国主義の侵略戦争が敗北に終わった八月一五日。今年の「八・一五」には韓国、中国との「竹島」(独島)、「尖閣諸島」(釣魚諸島)をめぐる紛争の新たな顕在化の中で、排外主義的ナショナリズムと「領土保全=安全保障の危機」キャンペーンが、日本国内であらためて大きくかきたてられた。

Historical Truths and Lies. Scarborough Shoal in Ancient Maps (Institute for Maritime and Ocean Affairs)
Michelle FlorCruz: China-Philippines Territorial Dispute: Ancient Maps ‚Debunk‘ Chinese Claim Over Scarborough Shoal (International Business Times)

The Philippines has upped the ante in its territorial dispute with China by fighting fire with fire, or in this case, a map with a map. The Philippines has recently unveiled an exhibit in Manila of 60 ancient maps of Asia that authorities say debunk China’s claimed „historical ownership“ over disputed areas of the South China Sea, specifically the Scarborough Shoal, located west of the Philippines.

Michelle FlorCruz: China’s New Vertical Map Gives Extra Play To Disputed South China Sea Territories (International Business Times)

In addition to China’s land borders, the newly released map has been extended to emphasize the disputed waters much more prominently than previous maps.
The map, which went on sale starting this week, was designed by the government-approved Hunan Map Press, and was designed to fully illustrate what China has always claimed in previous versions. “The islands of the South China Sea on the traditional map of China are shown in a cutaway box, and readers cannot fully, directly know the full map of China,” said the state-run People’s Daily, a mouthpiece of the Communist Party.

Aktuelle Streiks nach Region
Apr 23rd, 2014 by Gao

Folgende Zusammenstellung stammt von „Husunzi“.

Bei Yue Yuen in Dongguan streiken noch immer 10.000–50.000 von 40.000–60.000 Arbeiter_innen:
China sports shoe factory halts production as strike escalates (Financial Times)
东莞裕元罢工诗抄:运动正是高峰!(新生代)

Bei Yue Yuen in Jiangxi streiken 2.000 Arbeiter_innen in Solidarität mit ihren Kolleg_innen in Dongguan:
Jonathan Kaiman: Strike spreads at Chinese supplier to Adidas and Nike (Guardian)

In Henan streiken seit über zwei Wochen tausende Lehrer_innen:
Jiang Pei, Lin Jing, Luisetta Mudie: Henan Teachers Vow to Keep Marching Over Pay Demands (Radio Free Asia)

In Shenzhen streiken seit dem 16. April tausende Busfahrer_innen:
Thousands of bus company workers strike in Shenzhen (China Labour Bulletin)
深圳东部公交千人罢工抗议低待遇 警察强行驱散(新生代)

In Beijing streiken tausend Arbeiter_innen eines Motorenwerkes:
维灵、何山:北京千人罢工争补偿 (Radio Free Asia)

In Foshan streiken seit zwei Tagen Straßenkehrer_innen:
冯雷亮、曾群善:佛山百名环卫工罢工要求涨薪千元 每月收入所剩无几(新生代)

In Dongguan begannen Taxifahrer_innen am 18. April einen Streik:
Dongguan cabbies launch strike amid business slowdown (South China Morning Post)

Außerdem gibt es u.a. Proteste in Maoming gegen den Bau einer Chemiefabrik und Proteste in Wenzhou gegen Übergriffe vonseiten des Städtischen Ordnungsdienstes (城管).

Streik bei Yue Yuen und Solidaritätsstreiks
Apr 22nd, 2014 by Gao

Biggest Strike In China’s History Enters 6th Day (Revolution News)

The largest strike in China’s history has entered the sixth day, defying state attempts to repress workers struggling against economic and social injustice. Police arrested several organizers of the strikers at the Yue Yuen factory, which produces shoes for Nike and Adidas.
As the situation deteriorates, the thousands of workers are ever angrier after the management of the factory completely denies any violations in the payment of their social security. Workers in Dongguan, where exists the largest labor rights movement, have taken solidarity actions with the strikers of Yue Yuen. Large numbers of workers in Dongguan – apparently in thousands – took it to the streets to protest wage injustice and the government’s oppression of migrant workers, and to demand the government pay the social security it owned to the workers.

裕元鞋廠工潮蔓延至江西廠房(網易~星島日報)

台資的裕元鞋廠繼東莞廠房持續多日有員工罷工之後,工潮亦蔓延至集團在江西安福市的廠房。消息指,18日江西安福的廠房有2000名工人罷工,大批工人聚集在廠房外,部分女工仍身穿橙色的圍裙。東莞裕元鞋廠被指剋扣工人福利,以臨時工標準繳納社保,東莞廠房的工人上星期一開始大罷工,要求廠方補繳養老保險和公積金,並補簽正規勞動合同以及加薪。

AP: Chinese government trade union to mediate shoe factory strike by tens of thousands of workers (Fox News)

The Guangdong Federation of Trade Unions urged the workers to act rationally, but said it was „taking a clear-cut stand“ that the workers‘ rights must be protected. The federation said it had instructed its municipal agency in the southern city of Dongguan — where the factory complex is located — to mediate.

Yue Yuen shoe strike expands from Guangdong to Jiangxi (Want China Times)

A week after 30,000 workers from the Yue Yuen shoe factory in Dongguan in southern China’s Guangdong province took to the streets over invalid contracts, 2,000 workers from another of the company’s factories, located in Ji’an in eastern China’s Jiangxi province, have also joined the strike, reports the Hong Kong-based Oriental Daily.
Operated by the Taiwan-based Pou Chen Group, the Yue Yuen factory in Dongguan’s Gaobu township is one of the biggest shoe factories in China and produces footwear for more than 30 top brands such as Nike, Adidas and Reebok. The factory currently employs more than 60,000 workers.

Streik bei Yue Yuen in Dongguan | Sinopec-Teilprivatisierung
Apr 17th, 2014 by Gao

Dr. Rolf Geffken hat auf folgende Artikel hingewiesen:
More than ten thousand workers stage strike at massive Dongguan shoe factory (China Labour Bulletin)

At least 10,000 workers at shoe-making factories owned by Yue Yuen Industrial in Dongguan took to the streets Monday 14 April 2014, protesting the company’s failure to pay its 70,000 employees their full social security and housing fund contributions.

Hou Liqiang: Report identifies sources of mass protests (China Daily)

Public protests since 2000 were usually sparked by labor disputes, land acquisitions, forced demolitions, pollution, traffic accidents and incidents involving ethnic groups, a major report found.
However, one researcher raised concerns that the report did not reflect the „true situation“ in China because it was based solely on mainstream media coverage.
Forty-four percent of public protests involved people venting their opposition to officials‘ actions, according to the report by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

Zu dem Streik in der Schuhfabrik siehe auch:
Mimi Lau: Yue Yuen shoe factory workers‘ strike at Dongguan plants continues (South China Morning Post)

Thousands of workers continued their strike yesterday at a sports shoe manufacturer in Dongguan in a dispute over welfare payments.
An estimated 40,000 workers downed tools at seven Yue Yuen factories in the city, according to some of the workers taking part in the stoppages. The company said more than 1,000 staff stopped working.
About 3,000 also took part in a protest march yesterday, the workers said.
The firm is listed on the Hong Kong stock exchange and produces footwear for international brands including Nike, Adidas and Timberland.

杜建国:中石化搞“混合所有制”对谁有利?(杜建国的博客)

2月19日,中石化发布公告称公司董事会已同意在油品销售业务板块现有资产、负债进行审计、评估的基础上进行重组,同时引入社会和民营资本参股,实现混合所有制经营;社会和民营资本持股比例将根据市场情况厘定,上限可能不超过30%。

Bewegung in Taiwan | Superreiche | WalMart | Jia Zhangke
Apr 14th, 2014 by Gao

Au Loong yu: The Significance of Taiwan’s Anti-Service Trade Agreement Movement (China Labour Net)

On Thursday, Taiwan’s anti service trade agreement movement will leave the Legislative Yuan and the occupation will come to an end. Some of its participants think that the movement has not achieved its aims and do not want to leave. As outsiders it is difficult for us to judge. However, although the objectives of the movement were already set very low[1], which has had the advantage of being able to unite the masses through a common denominator, as long as the government/Wang Jin-pyng was prepared to make minor concessionary gestures it would not be difficult for them to end the occupation. Nevertheless, the movement still has a historical significance. Although it did not set its aims very high, it made use of strong civil disobedience to occupy the Legislative Yuan for 22 days, which is something that the world rarely sees.

Open Letter to CEO of Wal-Mart Stores, Inc.: Respect trade union rights; start collective negotiation with store closure programme affected workers now! (SACOM)

It has come to our concern that Walmart China is undergoing a large-scale closure programme. Alone in March 2014, at least six Walmart stores have been closed down. According to Financial Times, Walmart China has planned to close about 20 stores by the end of this year. Without any prior consultation with workers, Walmart China suddenly announced on 5 March that Hunan Changde store no. 2024 would be closed on 18 March. Over 100 workers of the store were only given one day to consider internal job transfer. If not, they have to decide whether to accept the company’s compensation offer by 19 March.

Worker protests in China surge after Lunar New Year (China Labour Bulletin)

There has been a noticeable surge in the number of strikes and worker protests in China since the Lunar New Year Holiday in early February. China Labour Bulletin recorded 119 incidents on our strike map in March alone. Overall, there were 202 incidents in the first quarter of 2014, up 31 percent compared with same period last year. This increase might partly be explained by greater social media coverage but there does seem to be a pronounced increase in activism on the ground.

Rebecca Chao: Why Do Chinese Billionaires Keep Ending Up in Prison? (Atlantic)

In most places, being ranked by a prominent magazine among the wealthiest people in the country constitutes a great honor. Not in China. Such lists, known as bai fu bang in China and published in Forbes and its Chinese equivalent Hurun, are described instead as the sha zhu bang: „kill pigs list.“
In the last fifteen years, China has produced greater overall wealth than any other country. The number of its billionaires has gone from a mere 15 to around 250 in just six years, but for a number of these people this vaulted status is short-lived. According to one study, 17 percent of those on the list end up squealing their way to court or end up in jail. If they’re lucky, those who are caught are investigated and jailed. Some are even executed. …
Deng Xiaoping, the Chinese leader responsible for instituting economic reforms, famously advocated „letting a few people get rich first“. More than three decades later, life for these rich has grown increasingly precarious. For China’s numerous poor, alas, the second part of Deng’s bargain has not yet arrived.

Stephan Chan, Wong Yu Loy: Hong Kong Dockers Strike & Struggles (YouTube)

Hong Kong dockers are on the move after a 40 day strike in 2013. This is a presentation by Hong Kong trade unionists Stephan Chan and Wong Yu Loy on how their union was formed and the lessons of their strike against Li Ka-shing‘ s Hutchison Port Holdings Trust. He is the richest man in Hong Kong and ownsover 50 docks in China and around the world. This presentation was made in San Francisco on April 8, 2014.

Heiko Khoo: China and the crisis of crisis theory (China.org.cn)

The recent BBC documentary called „How China Fooled the World“ presented by Robert Preston claims that China’s economy is about to collapse. The program starts well: correctly showing that China’s state-owned enterprises dominate the economy and shape its development. However, it fails to adequately consider the advantages of this system of public ownership.

How China Fooled the World (BBC)

Clifford Coonan: Major Chinese Film Awards Refuses to Name Best Picture (Hollywood Reporter)

China Directors‘ Guild chairman Feng Xiaogang said the artistic quality of recent local films was too low to honor, a move some are interpreting as a protest against the government’s refusal to screen Jia Zhangke’s Cannes winner „A Touch of Sin.“

Protest in Taibei | Walmart | Foxconn | Konjunkturpaket
Apr 11th, 2014 by Gao

Zachary Fillingham: Taiwan’s Sunflower Protests Explained (Geopolitical Monitor)

It’s a headline that shocks: Students occupy the national legislature, issue an ultimatum to the ruling government. And for a little while the local Taiwanese media ran with this sense of shock, portraying the occupying students as a motley and misguided crew of beer-swigging firebrands. But it’s clear to anyone present that this initial act of civil disobedience has blossomed into a wider political movement, complete with its very own sentimental branding.
This is Taiwan’s Sunflower Revolution – at least that’s what the protesters will tell you.
It all began in the early hours of March 18, when roughly 250 students stormed the Legislative Yuan in central Taipei. They were quickly joined by 1,000 other students, and since then the number of supporters surrounding the building has grown to over ten thousand, with many staying through the night despite unseasonably cold weather and bouts of torrential rain.
The demands of the main student group in the legislature are simple. They want Taiwan to pull out of a cross-strait service pact that was signed in July of last year; the establishment of an oversight mechanism to monitor future cross-strait negotiations; and for President Ma Ying-jeou to personally respond to their demands.

Chinese Walmart Workers Write to AFL-CIO for Help (China Labour Net)

Liu Jiayi: Workers at samsung supplier win a pay rise following a strike (ZDNet)

More than a thousand workers at the Dongguan-based Shanmukang Technology managed to not only win a better overtime rate on weekdays and weekends, but also double their monthly pay, after a simultaneous strike staged by workers from different depts.

Jennifer Cheung: Criminal Prosecution of Wu Guijun: the China State versus a worker (Union Solidarity International)

It has been nearly 11 months since the workers’ representative, Wu Guijun, was illegally detained by china’s government on the charge of illegal gathering of crowd to disturb transport order, he potentially faces a maximum sentence of a three year imprisonment. The prosecutor believes he planned, organised and instructed the workers’ march that disrupted transport order on May 23 last year in Shenzhen.

Eric Lee: Welcome China’s unions back into the family (Workers’ Liberty)

At the end of March, the International Labour Organisation’s Bureau for Workers Activities (known as ILO-ACTRAV) and the All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU) signed a Memorandum of Understanding “to promote Trade unions South-South Cooperation in the Asia- Pacific region”.

Pun Ngai, Shen Yuan, Guo Yuhua, Lu Huilin, Jenny Chan, Mark Selden: Worker-Intellectual Unity: Suicide, trans-border sociological intervention, and the Foxconn-Apple connection (Japan Focus)

What are the implications for global public sociology and labor studies when more than a score of Foxconn workers jump to their death and when a wave of protests, riots and strikes occur in their wake? This article documents the formation of a cross-border sociological intervention project and illustrates how sociological research fueled regional campaigns that gradually developed into a global campaign. This experience confirms the important political contribution that social science can make when linked with grassroots politics. The authors shed light on how social and economic injustice was creatively challenged by combining the strengths of workers, researchers and transnational movement activists. The study uses both quantitative (semi-structured questionnaires) and qualitative (in-depth interviews and participation observation) methods to gain insights concerning the experiences, world views and collective agency of Chinese workers who are struggling to make sense of the global production regime they inhabit and to contest the forces that shape their working and social lives.

Xu Lin: Top 10 Chinese provinces for the well-heeled (China.org.cn)

The latest GroupM Knowledge-Hurun Wealth Report has revealed that Beijing is home to the largest number of wealthy people in China, followed by Guangdong and Shanghai.
By the end of last year, the number of people on the Chinese mainland possessing a wealth in excess of 10 million yuan (US$1.62 million) rose by 3 percent from one year earlier, to 1.05 million. The number of those super-rich, defined as individuals with a personal wealth of 100 million yuan (US$16.2 million) or above, increased by 2 percent—to 64,500, 1,000 more than in 2011.

AP: China puts railways and houses at heart of new stimulus measures (Guardian)

Streik
Okt 22nd, 2013 by Gao

支持工人罷工权利 釋放工人代表吳貴軍 / Free Wu Guijun, Defend the Worker’s Right to Strike!
Large-scale strikes a feature of recent worker protest in China (China Labor Bulletin)

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