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Papiertiger Trump
Feb 11th, 2017 by Gao

Tom Phillips: ‚Brutal, amoral, ruthless, cheating‘: how Trump’s new trade tsar sees China (Guardian, 22. Dezember)

The United States and China will fight a war within the next 10 years over islands in the South China Sea, and “there’s no doubt about that”. At the same time, the US will be in another “major” war in the Middle East.
Those are the views – nine months ago at least – of one of the most powerful men in Donald Trump’s administration, Steve Bannon, the former head of far-right news website Breitbart who is now chief strategist at the White House.

The Chinese government is a despicable, parasitic, brutal, brass-knuckled, crass, callous, amoral, ruthless and totally totalitarian imperialist power that reigns over the world’s leading cancer factory, its most prolific propaganda mill and the biggest police state and prison on the face of the earth.
That is the view of Peter Navarro, the man chosen by Donald Trump to lead a new presidential office for US trade and industrial policy, a move likely to add to Beijing’s anxieties over the billionaire’s plans for US-China relations.

Benjamin Haas: Steve Bannon: ‚We’re going to war in the South China Sea … no doubt‘ (Guardian, 2. Februar)
Tom Phillips: Donald Trump and China on dangerous collision course, say experts (Guardian, 7. Februar)

For the last 18 months a taskforce of prominent China experts, some of whom have dealt with Beijing for more than 50 years, has been formulating a series of recommendations on how the incoming White House should conduct relations with the world’s second largest economy.
The group’s report, which was handed to the White House on Sunday and will be published in Washington DC on Tuesday, says ties between the two nuclear-armed countries could rapidly deteriorate into an economic or even military confrontation if compromise on issues including trade, Taiwan and the South China Sea cannot be found.

AFP: South China Sea: US reports ‚unsafe encounter‘ with Chinese military aircraft (Guardian, 10. Februar)

A Chinese military aircraft had an “unsafe” encounter with a US navy surveillance aircraft near a contested reef in the South China Sea, according to the US Pacific command.
The two planes came within 1,000ft (300 meters) of each other during Wednesday’s incident near the Scarborough shoal, which is claimed by both the Philippines and China, according to Pentagon spokesman Jeff Davis.

Und dann löst sich alles in Wohlgefallen auf?

Tom Phillips: Trump agrees to support ‚One China‘ policy in Xi Jinping call (Guardian, 10. Februar)

Donald Trump has held his first telephone conversation with the Chinese president, Xi Jinping, since entering the White House, telling the Communist party leader he will not challenge Beijing by upending longstanding US policy towards Taiwan.
In a brief statement the White House said the leaders of the world’s two largest economies had held a “lengthy” and “extremely cordial” telephone call on Thursday evening in which “numerous topics” were discussed…
The cordial encounter follows an “unsafe” one on Wednesday in the South China Sea between a Chinese aircraft and a US Navy patrol plane. US Pacific Command spokesman Robert Shuford said on Friday the “interaction” between a Chinese KJ-200 early warning aircraft and a US Navy P-3C plane happened in international airspace but did not say what was regarded as unsafe.

Simon Tisdall: China U-turn is latest sign Trump may turn out to be a paper tiger (Guardian)

Is Donald Trump turning out to be a paper tiger? China’s rulers might be forgiven for thinking so after the US president performed a U-turn on Taiwan, but the shift did not come out of the blue.
Trump’s approach to a range of key international issues has softened significantly since he took office, suggesting a lurch towards conformity and away from disruption. His acceptance of the One China policy, under which Washington does not challenge Beijing’s claim to what it deems a breakaway province, was a stunning reversal, contradicting previous suggestions he would pursue closer ties with Taiwan.

Erdgasvertrag | Inselstreit | Kenpeitai-Dokumente
Jun 15th, 2014 by Gao

Wolfgang Pomrehn: Russland: Gas für China (Telepolis)

Nun ist der Gas-Deal zwischen Russland und China also unterschrieben. Wie erwartet sollen ab 2018 jährlich 38 Milliarden Kubikmeter Gas geliefert werden, berichtet der britische Sender BBC. Über den Preis des Pakets schwieg man sich aus, aber er wird wohl bei insgesamt etwa 400 Milliarden US-Dollar oder knapp 300 Milliarden Euro liegen. Teil des Deals ist offenbar, dass die chinesische Seite in Vorleistung geht.

Gerald Hosp: Der Preis der Symbolik (Neue Zürcher Zeitung)

Die russisch-chinesischen Verhandlungen über Erdgaslieferungen waren lange Zeit zu einem «running gag» verkommen. Jahr für Jahr hiess es, dass der Durchbruch geschafft sei, nur – leider – habe man sich noch nicht auf den Preis einigen können. Während des zweitägigen Besuchs des russischen Präsidenten Wladimir Putin in Schanghai kam nun aber offenbar zwischen dem staatlich kontrollierten russischen Erdgaskonzern Gazprom und dem chinesischen Staatsunternehmen China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) eine Einigung zustande …
Dabei überwiegt noch die Symbolkraft. Erstens sollen die Erdgaslieferungen erst ab dem Jahr 2018 beginnen, ab 2024 wird dann die volle Kapazität von 38 Milliarden Kubikmetern pro Jahr zur Verfügung stehen. Die Erdgasfelder in Russland müssen noch erschlossen, die Pipelines noch gebaut werden.

Jean-Marc F. Blanchard, Maya Horin: Myths breed around China’s energy quest (Asia Times)

Those directing our gaze to China’s quest for energy security frequently are critical and, more importantly, often make unwarranted charges about the lengths to which China has been going to realize its energy requirements.
First, it is hinted that China has used military force to satiate its energy hunger. Second, it is suggested that China has made extreme diplomatic concessions to build or sustain partnerships with energy rich countries. Third, it is implied that China’s energy extremism has driven it to build new energy relationships with a slew of countries. Fourth, it is claimed that China’s energy dealings are largely with countries like Ecuador and Venezuela that embrace socialism and are distant from Washington. Fifth, it is asserted that Chinese energy FDI in Africa is encountering a lot of problems, putatively as a result of Chinese shortcomings.

Gerhard Feldbauer: Reaktion auf Ukraine-Krise (junge Welt)

Deutsche Außen- und Militärexperten reagieren beunruhigt auf jüngste eskalierende Spannungen im Ostchinesischem Meer, berichtete das Onlineportal German Foreign Policy (GFP) am Dienstag. Hintergrund ist ein vom 20. bis 26. Mai dort durchgeführtes gemeinsames Flottenmanöver Rußlands und Chinas. Wie RIA Nowosti und Xinhua groß aufgemacht berichteten, übten zwölf Kriegsschiffe, darunter der schwere russische kernkraftgetriebene Raketenkreuzer »Pjotr Weliki«, in gemeinsamen Kampfverbänden auf hoher See zusammen mit Fliegerkräften beider Seiten Rettungsaktionen für entführte Schiffe, U-Boot-Abwehr sowie Luft-Wasser-Angriffe.

Gerhard Feldbauer: Washington spielt Schutzmacht (junge Welt)

Im Konflikt zwischen Vietnam und China um die Xisha- und Spratly-Inseln im südchinesischen Meer bezieht Washington offen Partei gegen Peking und maßt sich eine Schutzmachtrolle für die Anrainer an.

Reuters: Japan and China trade insults over latest East China Sea encounter (Guardian)

Japan has denied Beijing’s claims that its planes came „dangerously close“ to Chinese aircraft in an incident over the East China Sea this week, demanding China takes down the footage allegedly showing the incident.

UN ‚will mediate in China-Vietnam row‘ (BBC)

1974: China and South Vietnam fight a war over the Paracel Islands; China seizes Vietnam-controlled islands.
After war, Hanoi moves closer to Russia, angered by Beijing’s support for Khmer Rouge
1979: China and Vietnam fight a border war; thousands of troops die
1988: Two sides fight over the Spratly Islands; about 60 Vietnamese sailors killed

Nga Pham: Shift as Vietnam marks South China Sea battle (BBC)
James Manicom: The Energy Context behind China’s Drilling Rig in the South China Sea (Jamestown Foundation)
Ian Forsyth: A Legal Sea Change in the South China Sea: Ramifications of the Philippines’ ITLOS Case (Jamestown Foundation)
Andrew Chubb: China’s Information Management in the Sino-Vietnamese Confrontation: Caution and Sophistication in the Internet Era (Jamestown Foundation)

Du Guodong: Lost Voices (News China)

The Jilin Provincial Archives recently published 89 files related to Japan’s Kwantung Kempeitai (military police corps) and the central bank of the puppet state of Manchukuo, which was established in 1932 by the Empire of Japan in Manchuria, which today is the northeastern Chinese provinces of Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning.
Roughly 90 percent of the published documents are written in Japanese including soldiers’ letters, newspaper articles, telephone records and government surveys. The archives are being claimed as concrete evidence of atrocities carried out by Japan during its occupation of China from 1931 to 1945, including the Rape of Nanking, the operation of military brothels and experimentation on live prisoners of war by Japanese military scientists.

Südchinesisches Meer | Energieabkommen | Korruption
Jun 10th, 2014 by Gao

Eklat um Territorialstreit bei Asiens Dialogkonferenz (Standard)
Gebietsstreitigkeiten in Ostasien – beanspruchte Wirtschaftszonen
Christoph Prantner: Konflikt im Südchinesischen Meer: Die Zeichen stehen auf Krieg (Standard)

Ashley Smith: Russia and China make a deal (Socialist Worker)

An alliance between Russia, the world’s largest energy producer, and China, the world’s largest energy consumer, will remake superpower relations …
Russia’s state-owned energy company, Gazprom, has promised to drill new gas fields in Siberia, construct a new 2,500-mile pipeline and ship 1.3 trillion cubic feet of gas each year to the state-owned China National Petroleum Corporation. China will invest $20 billion and Russia $55 billion to fund this massive project…
China will pay $350 per 1,000 cubic meters, according to National Public Radio, a bit lower than the European standard and dramatically lower than the average in Asia. China will in turn use the deal with Russia to pressure its other suppliers to lower their prices. By securing gas through an overland pipeline from Siberia, China lessens its dependence on imports of oil and gas through the chokepoint of the Straight of Malacca, which the U.S. polices with its Navy.

Johnny Erling: China verurteilt zwei Konzernchefs zum Tode (Standard)

Luftraumüberwachungszone
Nov 27th, 2013 by Gao

Beat U. Wieser: China zeichnet seine Hoheitsansprüche an den Himmel (Neue Zürcher Zeitung)

Chinas neue Luftraumüberwachungszone begründet keinen Hoheitsanspruch. Trotzdem hegt Peking solche Ideen, strebt es doch nach einer erweiterten Einflusssphäre in Ostasien.

Johnny Erling: Angst vor der Katastrophe im Ostchinesischen Meer (Welt)

Völlig unerwartet ruft China eine neue Luftverteidigungszone aus. Zwar betont Peking, dass diese sich nicht gegen ein bestimmtes Land richtet – aber Experten fürchten einen Konflikt mit Japan.

Tim Kelly, Phil Stewart: Defying China, U.S. bombers and Japanese planes fly through new air zone (Reuters)

Two unarmed U.S. B-52 bombers flew over disputed islands on a training mission in the East China Sea without informing Beijing while Japan’s main airlines ignored Chinese authorities when their planes passed through a new airspace defense zone on Wednesday.
The defiance from Japan and its ally the United States over China’s new identification rules raises the stakes in a territorial standoff between Beijing and Tokyo over the islands and challenges China to make the next move.
China published coordinates for an East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone over the weekend and warned it would take „defensive emergency measures“ against aircraft that failed to identify themselves properly.

Julian E. Barnes, Jeremy Page: U.S. Sends B-52s on Mission to Challenge Chinese Claims (Wall Street Journal)

The U.S. moved forcefully to try to counter China’s bid for influence over increasingly jittery Asian neighbors by sending a pair of B-52 bombers over disputed islands in the East China Sea, U.S. officials said Tuesday.
The B-52s took off from Andersen Air Force Base in Guam and flew more than 1,500 miles northwest, crossing into what China has declared as its new air-defense identification zone, at about 7 p.m. ET Monday. The U.S. deliberately violated rules set by China by refusing to inform Beijing about the flight, officials said.

Peter Lee: China’s defense zone creates a flap (Asia Times)

Bonnie Glaser gets it about right regarding China’s newly announced Air Defense Identification Zone, or ADIZ: „I don’t know that this is specifically directed against Japan, so much as it is the Chinese feeling that every modern country should have an Air Defense Identification Zone.“
Just to make it clear. An ADIZ is not a „no fly zone“ or extension of sovereignty. It is defined by the speed of modern enemy jets and the amount of time needed to challenge, identify hostile intent, and prepare air defenses. …
I like that. In a tense area of the Pacific, potentially hostile planes are supposed to identify themselves when they are flying around. You don’t want somebody shooting at your plane, all you have to do is get on the radio. Good. Extend that ADIZ out to Midway. Maybe it’ll stop World War III.
The ADIZ looks like it’s stabilizing, not destabilizing the region.

Peter Lee: China ADIZ: You Furnish the Hysterics, We’ll Furnish the Heightened Tensions (China Matters)

I’m not going to engage in Fisking by bulk here, but Western outlets have unanimously spun the Chinese ADIZ as some reckless stunt to challenge Japan over the Senkaku airspace.
Bullshit.

Luftüberwachungszone Chinas nicht gegen ein bestimmtes Land gerichtet (China.org.cn)

Die Luftüberwachungszone, die China über dem Ostchinesischen Meer eingerichtet hat, deckt sich teilweise mit der Zone Japans. Dazu sagte der chinesische Militärexperte Chai Lidan, geographisch gesehen sei diese Situation unvermeidlich, beide Länder sollten die Kontakte intensivieren und die Flugsicherheit gemeinsam wahren.

Chinas Position zur Frage der Flugüberwachungszone (Radio China International)

Der Sprecher des chinesischen Außenministeriums Qin Gang teilte am Sonntag vor der Presse mit, China habe die Zone gemäß den international üblichen Gepflogenheiten festgelegt. Die Festsetzung der Flugüberwachungszone ziele darauf ab, die staatliche Souveränität und die Sicherheit des territorialen Luftraums zu verteidigen sowie den geordneten Flugverkehr zu wahren. Sie richte sich nicht gegen irgendein Land oder Ziel und werde die Freiheit des Flugverkehrs nicht beeinträchtigen.

Senkaku-Inseln: Chinas Luftwaffe verfolgte Flug von US-Bombern durch „Sperrzone“ (RIA Novosti)

„Die chinesische Luftwaffe hat den Flug auf der gesamten Strecke verfolgt und (die Flugzeuge) zeitgerecht als amerikanische Luftschiffe identifiziert. Die chinesische Seite verfügt über die Möglichkeit, den Flugverkehr in dem festgelegten Gebiet effektiv zu kontrollieren“, heißt es in der Mitteilung des chinesischen Verteidigungsamtes.

Freihandelszonen | Korruption | Inselstreit
Sep 20th, 2013 by Gao

Shanghai zone to allow free yuan convertibility (The Standard)
Li Xiaokun and Zhang Yuwei: Silk Road to take on a new look (China Daily)

Alex Calvo: Manila, Beijing, and UNCLOS: A Test Case?
(Japan Focus)

Chris Buckley, Jonathan Ansfield: Senior Chinese Official Falls Under Scrutiny as Some Point to Larger Inquiry (New York Times)

The Chinese Communist Party announced Sunday that a senior official responsible for overseeing state-owned corporations was under investigation, and people with knowledge of that case and many others said that, according to senior officials, the inquiries were part of a larger corruption investigation encroaching on the retired chief of the domestic security apparatus.

Raymond Li: The corruption investigation of Jiang Jiemin, a former chairman of China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), and several other senior officials at the state-owned energy firm has shed light on how powerful executives dubbed the „Shengli gang“ carved out their network in Shandong early in their careers.

Grenzkonflikt mit Indien | Inselkonflikt mit Japan | Myanmar
Mai 28th, 2013 by Gao

M. K. Bhadrakumar: Frost in a promising Indian summer (Asia Times)
Gavan McCormack: Much Ado over Small Islands: The Sino-Japanese Confrontation over Senkaku/Diaoyu (Japan Focus)
Brendan O’Reilly: Li makes his Potsdam declaration (Asia Times)
Prashanth Parameswaran: China’s Strategic Recalibration in Burma (Jamestown Foundation)

Außenpolitik und Innenpolitik
Mai 20th, 2013 by Gao

J.B. hat eine Debatte über diese Artikel angeregt:
Susanna Bastaroli: Expertin: „China will nicht so zahnlos wie die Europäer werden“ (Presse)

Laut China-Expertin Weigelin-Schwierdzik dienen Chinas Kriegsdrohungen in Asien der Legitimation einer zunehmend schwächelnden KP. Die Dynamik könnte außer Kontrolle geraten.

Angela Köhler: Wie Japans Umgang mit der Geschichte die Zukunft blockiert (Presse)

Immer wieder sorgt der undiplomatische Umgang japanischer Politiker mit der schmutzigen Vergangenheit für heftige Empörung in den früheren Opferstaaten.

Wolfgang Greber: Die Angst der amerikanischen Admiräle (Presse)

Noch sind die USA im Verbund mit Alliierten wie Japan und Australien Herren des Pazifiks. An deren Thron rüttelt China aber gewaltig.

Zwei Literaturhinweise von H.K.; zunächst zum Thema:
David Shambaugh: China Goes Global. Oxford University Press, 2013.
Ebenfalls lesenswert:
David Shambaugh: China’s Communist Party: Atrophy and Adaptation. University of California Press, 2009.

Inselkonflikte
Mai 3rd, 2013 by Gao

Mark Selden, Yabuki Susumu: China-Japan Territorial Conflicts and the US-Japan-China Relations in Historical and Contemporary Perspective (Japan Focus) / 歴史的・現代的視野からみた中日領土問題と米日中関係 (Peace Philosophy Centre)

Diaoyutai | Abe Shinzō
Feb 19th, 2013 by Gao

John V. Walsh: US goads Japan into China confrontation (Asia Times)
William Lowther: Schriver says ‘constructive’ role needed in Diaoyutais (Taipei Times)
Robert H. Wade: China and Japan: the other side of the story (Monde diplomatique)
Lionel Fatton: The Pandora’s Box of Sovereignty Conflicts: Far-reaching regional consequences of Japan’s nationalization of the Senkakus (Japan Focus)
Ivy Lee, Fang Ming: Deconstructing Japan’s Claim of Sovereignty over the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands (Japan Focus)

Narusawa Muneo 成澤宗男:安倍晋三と極右歴史修正主義者は、世界の敵である / 安倍晋三 – 极右历史窜改主义者是世界和平的最大敌人 / 아베 신조와 극우 역사수정주의자는 세계의 적이다 (Peace Philosophy Centre) / Abe Shinzo, a Far-Right Denier of History (Japan Focus)

Territorialkonflikte | Konferenz | Revolution to Riches
Jan 1st, 2013 by Gao

Stephanie Kleine-Ahlbrandt: Chinas Expansion ins Meer (Monde diplomatique)
Gavan McCormac: Troubled Seas: Japan’s Pacific and East China Sea Domains (and Claims) (Japan Focus)
Ivy Lee, Fang Ming: Deconstructing Japan’s Claim of Sovereignty over the Diaoyu/Senkaku Islands (Asia-Pacific Journal)

International Conference on „Class, Power, and China“ (Hong Kong University of Science and Technology)

Shai Oster, Michael Forsythe, Natasha Khan, Dune Lawrence, Henry Sanderson, Neil Western, Peter Hirschberg, Ben Richardson, Melissa Pozsgay, Amanda Bennett: Revolution to Riches:
Heirs of Mao’s Comrades Rise as New Capitalist Nobility
U.S. Family of Mao’s General Assimilates, Votes for Obama
Xi Jinping Millionaire Relations Reveal Fortunes of Elite
Mapping China’s Red Nobility (Bloomberg)

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