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Ungleichheit
Sep 6th, 2017 by Gao

Sidney Leng: China’s dirty little secret: its growing wealth gap (South China Morning Post)

China’s wealth gap has widened for the first time in five years, a fact Beijing chose not to mention in this year’s economic report.
The Gini coefficient, a gauge ranging between zero and one that measures income equality, increased slightly to 0.465 last year, from 0.462 in 2015, according to data released by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) this week…
A study from Peking University last year found that the poorest 25 per cent of mainland households owned just 1 per cent of the country’s aggregate wealth, while the richest 1 per cent owned a third of the wealth.

He Huifeng: In China’s richest province, a yawning gap exists between the haves and the have-nots (South China Morning Post)

The coexistence of great wealth and abject poverty in Guangdong shows why narrowing the income gap is a priority of China’s leadership…
Shenzhen’s per capita GDP is now on par with Portugal’s, but the per capita GDP in Qingyuan … was less than a quarter of Shenzhen’s last year, and lower than the national average. Eleven other cities in Guangdong … were also below the national average last year, and in Meizhou, Heyuan, Shanwei and Yunfu per capita GDP was even lower than in Guizhou, China’s most impoverished province…
Guangdong’s wealth gap has grown in the past couple of years, according to Zheng Zizhen, a sociologist and economist with the Guangdong Academy of Social Sciences, a government think-tank in Guangzhou.
“The wealth of families in [major] cities is soaring, driven by the rapid growth in residential property prices,” he said. “But the poorer areas of Guangdong lack the ability to attract enough capital and talent to bring an industrial boom.”
By the numbers, the Pearl River Delta, which includes some of China’s most developed cities, including Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Dongguan and Foshan, covers only 23 per cent of the province but last year it accounted for 79.3 per cent of Guangdong’s economic output, according to official data, up from 79.1 in 2015. The province’s 12 impoverished cities reported average GDP growth of 7.4 per cent last year, according to the provincial development and reform commission, while the Pearl River Delta’s grew by 8.3 per cent.

Zhang Pinghui: Why Xi Jinping cares so much about ending poverty in China: the political significance behind the campaign (South China Morning Post)

BRICS und Neoliberalismus | „Baby 59“ | Altersarmut
Jun 3rd, 2013 by Gao

Vijay Prashad: Neoliberalismus mit südlichem Antlitz. Der Aufstieg des BRICS-Blocks (Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung)
Dazu noch ein Literaturhinweis:
Vijay Prashad: The Darker Nations. A People’s History of the Third World. New York / London, The New Press, 2007.
Heriberto Araújo, Juan Pablo Cardenal: China’s Economic Empire (New York Times)
Pepe Escobar: Pipelineistan and the New Silk Road(s) (Asia Times)

Tania Branigan: Baby 59 case highlights shortcomings of child protection system in China (Guardian)

The outpouring of sympathy for the little boy, which saw his hospital flooded with gifts and offers of adoption, has underscored society’s warmth towards children. The lack of formal support his mother can expect in the coming years – experts said she was unlikely to be advised or monitored by social workers – highlights the shortcomings of the system. Baby 59 is with his grandparents: China relies on families to provide care, because the child welfare system is at best embryonic. … According to research published by the All-China Women’s Federation, around 61 million children are left behind in the countryside while their parents work in the cities.

dpa/jW: Studie: Jeder vierte Alte in China arm (junge Welt)

Knapp jeder vierte Chinese, der 60 oder älter ist, lebt laut einer Studie unterhalb der Armutsgrenze. 22,9 Prozent der älteren Bevölkerung müssen nach einer am Freitag in Peking veröffentlichten Studie im ländlichen China mit 2344 Yuan (rund 305 Euro) oder weniger im Jahr auskommen. In Städten liege die Armutsgrenze bei 3200 Yuan. »China hat die größte Zahl alter Menschen auf der Welt und eine der am schnellsten wachsenden«, schrieben die Forscher.

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