Feb 10th, 2015 by Gao

Eli Friedman: The Primary Contradiction (Jacobin)

“It’s a golden period to be a leftist in China.” At least that was the assessment of Minzu University of China professor and well-known Maoist Zhang Hongliang in a recent New York Times article. The article went on to suggest that “leftist voices are back in vogue,” while other media outlets have reported widely on President Xi Jinping’s call for more Marxism in the universities. And the Politburo has been holding study sessions to brush up on their dialectical materialism.
But unfortunately, there are more than enough reasons to doubt this analysis.
To begin with, Xi Jinping’s originally ambiguous slogan, the “China Dream,” has come to be officially defined as the “great revival of the Chinese race.” The imperial yearning implicit in this phrase has ominous implications for its neighbors as well as ethnic minorities within China.
Economically, the government is preparing another round of marketization to prop up the flagging debt-fueled growth that China has heavily relied on in recent years. These reforms will include a major wave of privatization of state-owned firms, further commodification of land, reduction in pensions for public employees, and an extension of free trade.
The working class and peasantry remain politically excluded and are viewed with deep suspicion by the state…
Leading Maoist Han Deqiang recently wrote, “The China Dream is the dream of Chinese people. It will inevitably have strong characteristics of nationalism rather than universal values.”

Chris Buckley, Andrew Jacobs: Maoists in China, Given New Life, Attack Dissent (New York Times)

China’s Maoist ideologues are resurgent after languishing in the political desert, buoyed by President Xi Jinping’s traditionalist tilt and emboldened by internal party decrees that have declared open season on Chinese academics, artists and party cadres seen as insufficiently red…
“It’s a golden period to be a leftist in China,” Zhang Hongliang, a prominent neo-Maoist, said in an interview. “Xi Jinping has ushered in a fundamental change to the status quo, shattering the sky.”

AP: Argentina’s president Cristina Kirchner attacked for ‚racist‘ Chinese joke (Guardian)

Argentina’s President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner caused a furore on Wednesday by joking about her hosts’ accents while on a state visit to China seeking badly needed investment.

APA: Argentiniens Präsidentin spottet über chinesische Aussprache (Standard)

„Umweltkultur“ und Getreideproduktion
Nov 12th, 2014 by Gao

Zhihe Wang, Huili He, Meijun Fan: The Ecological Civilization Debate in China (Monthly Review)

China is facing many serious environmental issues, including pollution in the air, groundwater, and soil. These problems have increased since China surpassed Japan as the world’s second-largest economy—and in spite of the Chinese government’s 2007 proposal to build an “ecological civilization,” and writing “ecological civilization” into the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) constitution in 2012.

Zhun Xu, Wei Zhang, Minqi Li: China’s Grain Production. A Decade of Consecutive Growth or Stagnation? (Monthly Review)

Some progressive writers have argued that while China’s agricultural privatization achieved short-term gains, it did so by undermining long-term production facilities such as the infrastructure and public services built in the socialist era. Environmental scholars have questioned the sustainability of the Chinese agriculture. In a report published in 1995, Lester R. Brown raised the question: “Who will feed China?” He argued that the Chinese population’s changing diet, shrinking cropland, stagnating productivity, and environmental constraints would lead to a widening gap between China’s food supply and demand, a gap the world’s leading grain exporters would not be able to fill.

Ältere Artikel:
Zhihe Wang: Ecological Marxism in China (Monthly Review)
Wen Tiejun, Lau Kinchi, Cheng Cunwang, Huili He, Qiu Jiansheng: Ecological Civilization, Indigenous Culture, and Rural Reconstruction in China (Monthly Review)
Zhihe Wang, Meijun Fan, Hui Dong, Dezhong Sun, Lichun Li: What Does Ecological Marxism Mean For China? Questions and Challenges for John Bellamy Foster (Monthly Review)

Okt 22nd, 2014 by Gao

Pierre Rousset: Geopolitical chaos and its implications: introductory notes for collective thinking (International Viewpoint)

Climate chaos is a new structural situation caused by atmospheric warming of human (in fact capitalist) origin. The current geopolitical chaos also seems to be a new structural situation caused by capitalist globalization and the choices imposed by the traditional imperialist bourgeoisies. Because chaos exists, and its causes are deep.

Patrick Bond: BRICS and the tendency to sub-imperialism (Pambazuka)

The rise of the Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa (BRICS) bloc represents a potentially important geopolitical and economic force that, in early 2014, suffers a worsening schizophrenia, in terms of positioning within global political economy. The bloc’s more radical proponents argue it has ‘anti-imperialist’ potential. But there are far greater dangers of BRICS playing a ‘sub-imperialist’ role in contributing to neoliberal regime maintenance (especially in Africa), or even an inter-imperialist role as Russia appears tempted in the Ukraine/Crimea theatre. But there is potential, as well, for popular forces to unite in a role more akin to solidaristic cross-border anti-imperialism, given the extreme contradictions and intensity of social unrest in each site.

Pierre Rousset: D’où surgit le nouveau capitalisme chinois ? « Bourgeoisification » de la bureaucratie et mondialisation (Europe solidaire sans frontières)

D’où surgit le nouveau capitalisme chinois, qu’est-ce qui a permis son envol et quelles sont ses particularités ? Quelles interrogations de fond cette expérience contemporaine soulève-t-elle ? Ce sont ces questions que la présente contribution veut aborder.

Pierre Rousset: Chinese ambitions – An imperialism in formation (International Viewpoint)

China is not an „emerging country“ but a power that has emerged. It is not a „sub-imperialism“ ensuring order in its own region, but an imperialism „in formation.“ The new Chinese bourgeoisie is aiming to play in the big league. The success of its enterprise is still far from assured, but this ambition determines its international policies, both economic and military.

Großer Sprung Vorwärts
Sep 29th, 2014 by Gao





北原:对“三年困难时期”人口非正常死亡问题的若干解析(《中国社会科学报》, auch bei 新华网 und 人民网






„Chinesischer Imperialismus“?
Jul 27th, 2014 by Gao

Pierre Rousset: Chinese ambitions – An imperialism in formation (Europe solidaire sans frontières)

China is not an “emerging country” but a power that has emerged. It is not a “sub-imperialism” ensuring order in its own region, but an imperialism “in formation.” The new Chinese bourgeoisie is aiming to play in the big league. The success of its enterprise is still far from assured, but this ambition determines its international policies, both economic and military.

Michael Pröbsting: China’s Emergence as an 
Imperialist Power (New Politics)

One of the most important issues in world politics today is China’s rise as a great imperialist power. Most left-wing writers consider China either as a “socialist country,” a “deformed workers’ state,” or as a “dependent capitalist country” exploited by Western monopolies. As I have elaborated elsewhere, I believe that such analyses, positions, and terminology deriving from Communist, post-Trotskyist, and dependency theorists fail to understand China’s transformation into an imperialist Great Power during the past decade.

Debatte über den Yue-Yuen-Streik
Apr 29th, 2014 by Gao

Michael bzw. Cathy hat diesen Artikel geschickt:
Ashok Kumar: 5 reasons the strike in China is terrifying! (to transnational capitalism) (Communists in situ, 25. April 2014)

1. It’s the largest strike in modern China…
2. Chinese state repression is tempered…
3. It’s too big to cut-and-run…
4. The price of consumer durables is rising…
5. It’s gone global…

Es gibt eine Debatte über Erfolg oder Misserfolg des Streikes bei Yue Yuen (Yùyuán 裕元). Daniel hat auf dieses Interview hingewiesen:
与裕元一位老工人的深度访谈 (公平社,27. April 2014)


Heiko hingegen hat diese Links geschickt:
Stephanie Won, Ben Livesey, John Lear: Yue Yuen Says 80% of Workers Return After Plant Strike (Bloomberg, 25. April 2014)
China Confirms Strike-Struck Shoemaker Yue Yuen Owes Social Benefits (Wall Street Journal, 24./27. April 2014)
Dongguan union releases response to Yue Yuen workers’ demands (China Labor Watch, 24. April 2014)

Rolf wies darauf hin, dass das Arbeitsministerium auf Seiten der Arbeiter interveniert hat:
Jill Geoghegan: Strike ends at Adidas and Nike supplier in China (Drapers, 29. April 2014)

Weitere Artikel:
Felix Lee: Streiks in chinesischer Turnschuhfabrik (Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 18. April 2014)
王传涛:“裕元鞋厂大罢工”是工人维权意识的苏醒 (人民日报海外版~劳工互助网, 19. April 2014)
Felix Lee: „Sie betrügen uns alle zusammen“ (Südwest Presse [sic], 23. April 2014)
Adidas shifts orders from striking Yue Yuen factory in Dongguan (Global Times, 24. April 2014)
广东省总工会主席黄业斌:裕元鞋厂“目前已有90%的员工复工” (劳工互助网, 24. April 2014)
Felix Lee: China hat ein riesiges Rentenproblem (Zeit, 25. April 2014)
Stefan Sauer: Grobes Foul von Adidas (Frankfurter Rundschau, 25. April 2014)
AFP: Huge China strike peters out as workers cite intimidation (Breitbart, 28. April 2014)
William Hurst: Chinese factory strike portends global workplace changes (AlJazeera, 28. April 2014)
Jonathan Sullivan, Samantha Hoffman: China can’t ignore workers‘ well-being if it wants to avert strikes (South China Morning Post, 28./29. April 2014)
Markus Ackeret: Streik-Ende unter dem Druck des Staates (Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 29. April 2014)
AFP: Huge China strike peters out as workers cite intimidation (NDTV, 28. April 2014)
Yue Yuen Workers Won’t Cry (China Labour Net, 28. April 2014)

Workshop: Zur Lage der arbeitenden Klasse in China (Nachschau)
Mrz 14th, 2014 by Gao

Workshop: Zur Lage der arbeitenden Klasse in China (Universität Wien)
Samstag, 22. Februar 2014, 9–17 Uhr, Amerlinghaus Stiftgasse 8, 1070 Wien. Mit Can Cui, Hermann Dworczak, Daniel Fuchs, Rolf Geffken, Thomas Immervoll und Felix Wemheuer. Eine Veranstaltung der China Study Group Europe mit Unterstützung der Marx-Engels-Stiftung (Wuppertal), von transform!europe und transform!at.

Zur Lage der arbeitenden Klasse in China 中国工人阶级状况

Videoaufnahmen einiger Vorträge jetzt auf YouTube:

  • Thomas Immervoll: Die Fragmentierung der Arbeiter_innenklasse in China – Zur Entwicklung des Arbeitsmarktes und des informellen Sektors (YouTube)
  • Can Cui: WanderarbeiterInnen der zweiten Generation (YouTube)
  • Hermann Dworczak: Chinesische ArbeiterInnenklasse und Weltproletariat (YouTube)
  • Rolf Geffken: Neue Arbeits- und Sozialgesetze – emanzipatorisches Potenzial? (YouTube)
  • Felix Wemheuer: Die Dynamik der Protestbewegungen 1956/1957, 1967/1968 und 1989 (YouTube)
  • Heiko Khoo: Die Arbeiterklasse und der widersprüchliche Charakter des Staates (YouTube)
  • Heiko Khoo hat ein Interview mit Theodor Bergmann veröffentlicht:
    Heiko Khoo: Theodor Bergmann: A revolutionary communist since 1927 (

    Cao Zhenglu
    Nov 17th, 2013 by Gao

    Yan Hairong: Rethinking Is Not Demonizing (Monthly Review)

    Cao Zhenglu is a well-known contemporary Chinese realist writer. His stories “Na’er” (“There,” about the tragic experience of a union cadre in a state-owned enterprise undergoing “structural reform”) and “Nihong” (“Neon,” about the life and death of a laid-off woman worker) expose the predicament of Chinese workers in the reform period. His novel Wen cangmang (Asking the Boundless—an allusion to a line from one of Mao’s poems, “I ask, on this boundless land, who rules over man’s destiny”) has a Taiwanese-owned factory in Shenzhen as the central theater, around which different characters struggle to understand and play their roles in the larger context of “investment.” This novel has been celebrated as “the first novel that uses Chinese reality to explain Das Kapital.” His most recent novel, Minzhu ke (Lessons in Democracy [Taipei: Taiwan shehui yanjiu zazhishe, 2013]), initiates a further reflection on the Cultural Revolution. Cao’s novel re-narrates the Cultural Revolution in terms of its historical unfolding—its aims, processes, contradictions, and significance, and links this story with the contemporary problem of China’s path today.

    曹征路:那儿‍‍ (PDF; 清华大学/

    3. Plenum des XVIII. Zentralkomitees
    Nov 4th, 2013 by Gao



    Wolfgang Pomrehn: China baut sich um (junge Welt)

    Heute endet das 3. Plenum des Zentralkomitees der Kommunistischen Partei. Vom Gremium ­werden weitreichende Reformen der Wirtschaft erwartet.

    Minxin Pei: What’s the real test to Xi Jinping and the Communist Party at the Third Plenum? (South China Morning Post)

    There is something odd and disturbing about the conventional wisdom surrounding the upcoming Third Plenum of the 18th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). As the November 9-12 conclave draws near, the international community’s attention seems to be focused mainly on technocratic policy changes deemed essential to restructuring China’s state-dominated economy and reenergising growth.
    Will the government liberalise interest rates or loosen capital controls? How will the fiscal system be revamped? Will land reform be part of the package?
    The list of such questions goes on. Outside China, the prevalent view among business leaders is that President Xi Jinping’s new administration has consolidated its power and acquired enough authority to push through far-reaching economic reforms. He and his colleagues need only to get the specific policies right.

    Felix Lee: Chinas Wirtschaft hofft auf das Zentralkomitee (Zeit)

    Als die neue chinesische Führung im März ihr Amt antrat, waren die Erwartungen groß. Verglichen mit ihren Vorgängern sind Premier Li Keqiang und Präsident Xi Jinping noch jung: Li ist 58 Jahre alt, Xi wurde im Juni 60. Sie würden China verändern, hoffte man im In- und Ausland. Bislang hat sich das allerdings nicht erfüllt, auch nicht wirtschaftspolitisch. Zwar gab es Ankündigungen, aber noch keine Taten.
    In den nächsten Wochen könnte sich das ändern. Am 9. November beginnt das “Dritte Plenum des 18. Zentralkomitees der Kommunistischen Partei”. Die Zusammenkunft der Parteikader ist wesentlich spannender, als der sperrige Titel vermuten lässt, denn hier treffen sich die 376 mächtigsten Männer und Frauen Chinas zu einer ehrgeizigen Konferenz: Sie legen die Umrisse der Wirtschaftspolitik für die kommenden Jahre fest.

    Larry Elliott: China prepares to liberalise finance as hedge funds and estate agents salivate (Guardian)

    Analysts at Capital Economics say the third plenum will come up with a direction of travel rather than a detailed policy programme. But they expect the new leadership to address three key issues: the low share of national income going to average households; the dominant role of the state in much of the economy; and the inefficient use of capital.

    Willy Lam: SOE links threaten china reform drive (Asia Times)

    The recent detention of senior executives of the China National Petroleum Corp (CNPC) has highlighted a major question about China’s economic plans: Whether the Xi Jinping-Li Keqiang administration has finally decided to restructure the 110 or so yangqi, or state-owned enterprise (SOE) groupings.

    A world to turn upside down (Economist)

    Of the economic issues facing November’s plenum of the Chinese Communist Party, none looms larger than land reform in the countryside.

    Linda Yueh: What to expect from the Third Plenum? (China Policy Institute)

    Will 2013 be another 1978 or at least 1993 for China? Third Plenums held in those years resulted in significant overhauls of economic policy. The Third Plenum refers to the third time that the new leaders of China lead a plenary session of the Central Committee. The current one is being billed as being as significant as the one in December 1978 that marked the start of market-oriented reforms in China over 3 decades ago under Deng Xiaoping. Change of a similarly dramatic nature is unlikely, but there are high expectations that the new Chinese leaders will launch reforms that are as notable as those made in 1993, which dismantled a large part of the state-owned sector.

    Barry Naughton: What the Heck is China’s ‘Third Plenum’ and Why Should You Care? (ChinaFile)

    Gradually—perhaps over three years—China will liberalize interest rates, open up the renminbi capital account and let the renminbi partially float. However, these important changes are already “baked in” and implementation is in the hands of technocrats who can back off if things get rocky.

    Chris Luo: Premier Li Keqiang endorses private entrepreneurs, promises further reforms (South China Morning Post)

    Felix Lee: Chinas Märchen von der niedrigen Arbeitslosigkeit (Zeit)

    Chinas Statistiker haben eine neue Aufgabe: Sie sollen endlich für zuverlässigere Arbeitsmarktdaten sorgen.
    Sei Jahrzehnten liegt die Arbeitslosenquote in der Volksrepublik praktisch konstant bei vier Prozent – sowohl in guten als auch in schlechten Zeiten. Vor Beginn der Weltwirtschaftskrise lag sie bei glatten vier Prozent. Nur im Frühjahr 2009 war die Zahl für kurze Zeit nach oben geschossen. Doch schon das erste Konjunkturpaket drückte sie wieder nach unten. Auf wie viel Prozent? Auf vier natürlich! Aktuell liegt die Quote bei 4,1 Prozent. Kein Wunder, dass kaum ein Ökonom, der etwas auf sich hält, die offizielle Arbeitslosenzahl wirklich ernst nimmt.

    Drogen | „Anpassungsvermögen, Leistungsdenken und Legitimität“
    Okt 16th, 2013 by Gao

    Jonathan Marshall: Cooking the Books: The Federal Bureau of Narcotics, the China Lobby and Cold War Propaganda, 1950-1962 (Japan Focus)

    In recent years, influential interest groups and policy makers have leveled epithets like “narco-terrorism” and “narco-communism” against targets such as Cuba, Nicaragua, Iran, Panama, Syria, the Taliban, and Venezuela to justify harsh policies ranging from economic sanctions to armed invasion, while ignoring or downplaying evidence implicating U.S. allies …
    To shed historical light on the dangers of turning international drug enforcement into a political weapon, this paper re-examines a classic case of alleged manipulation of narcotics intelligence: the vilification of Communist China by U.S. Commissioner of Narcotics Harry J. Anslinger at the height of the Cold War. His inflammatory rhetoric denouncing the People’s Republic of China (PRC) as an evil purveyor of narcotics went largely unchallenged in the Western media during the 1950s and early 1960s, when Anslinger acted as America’s leading drug enforcement official and its official representative to the United Nations Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND). As we shall see, his charges strongly reinforced Washington’s case for diplomatic isolation of China, including its exclusion from the United Nations. …
    As late as 1970, the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs (BNDD), successor to the FBN, still officially maintained that “opium is cultivated in vast quantities in the Yunnan Province of China.” But within a year, with the advent of “Ping-Pong diplomacy” and the Nixon administration’s startling opening to China, Washington brazenly reversed its longstanding position.

    John aus Kūnmíng hat diesen Link geschickt:
    Minxin Pei: Wooing China’s Princelings (Project Syndicate)

    Outside China, princelings are feeling the heat as well. Not long ago, the United States Securities and Exchange Commission announced that it was investigating JPMorgan Chase’s hiring of princelings in Hong Kong, who apparently delivered lucrative underwriting deals for the bank.

    Michael C. aus Běijīng hat mich auf diesen vortrag von Eric X. Li (Woher kommt das X? Er heißt Lǐ Shìmò!) hingewiesen:
    Eric X. Li: A tale of two political systems (TED/YouTube)
    auch mit chinesischen und englischen Untertiteln verfügbar:
    李世默:两种制度的传说 (TED/Youku)
    „Anpassungsvermögen, Leistungsdenken und Legitimität sind die drei Merkmale, die das Ein-Parteien-System in China kennzeichnen.“ Alles was er da sagt, könnte man sehr kontrovers diskutieren.

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